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Historical Newspapers of Coos County, Oregon      Marshfield Sun   Marshfield (Coos Bay)


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Part 2

 Compilation copyright (c) 2005 by Marilee Miller
NO COPYING OR DISTRIBUTION of this document without permission.

     Text-only version, free copy, please go back to Sun Annual Part 1 

PART 2.   #9=  A Visitor's Opinion of Coos County   (scenic beauty)
#10=  J. C. Yale, Pioneer Salesman      #11=  shipping scene North Bend
 #12=.  North Bend Mill     #13= Coquille Creamery     #14=  H. Sengstacken's Drug Store,
         General Mercantile
   #15=  J. F. Schroeder        #16=   Stephen Gallier  
 #17=  Silas H. Hazard   #18=  John F. Hall    #19=  Christensen & Johnson Furniture Store  
 #20=  Thomas Hirst        #21=  canneries 

(pg. 4-5)
 # 9


                        Scenic Beauty Cannot Be Excelled. 

"Thou nature art my godess [sic], to thy law
      My services are bound."  --Shakespeare.

      Born with that love of nature and all that affords pleasure in the pathless
woods, I have wandered from one corner of the world to the other -- seeking
the new and strange things that come along the beaten path of the world
wanderer.  From the occident to the orient, from north to south -- one year
finding me in the frozen fields in the Georgian Bay of the great Northwest
in the British possession of Canada, and then again in a short time to be
laying [sic] amidst the sunny fields of the Southern archipelago of
Australasia, from ocean to ocean and sea to sea -- till my heart's desire is
perfectly satisfied with the changes of life.
     "God made the country and man made the town."  To me it has always
been repulsive to tramp the stoney streets [sic] of our great cities and to
elbow one's way through the crowds of ever-changing pedestrians that yield
to the centrifugal force that attracts to our great cities the best blood of our
country homes.  Oh, how often have I seen upon the highways of our large
cities the youth of both sexes (who not long ago were amidst the rural
scenes of their country homes) battling with inexperience -- struggling with
great odds -- and in many cases doomed to be drawn into the vortex of sin
and dissipation  -- when at the same time there is presented and offered to
them a life of purity, ease, and comfort in his country home.   And so, tiring
of the stone fronts, and brick buildings of our large cities, I find myself
wandering amidst the scenes of country life.  Oh, how peaceful and restful it
is to wander amidst the Virgin woods of this country and watch  with
interest the growth of a new power.  In my wandering through this [printout
illegible; = well?] enriched land, I find so many things to amuse, interest
and educate.   From my enterance [sic] of Coos Head on the steamer Arcata
-- with other travelers, to the present time, it has been one succession of
happy events in my wandering.  The various sloughs and rivers, the ranches
of which along their banks have been enriched by the alluvial soil washed
down from the rich hill lands and depositing, almost each year a new source
of wealth to the owner.  There is nothing more enchanting than to go
amongst the various ranches of  North and South  Coos river, and you take
in the bay on the north, and Hayne's slough [sic].  Coming up the bay
further you enter Kentuck slough.  Then comes Willanch slough.  Each of
these streams  have from ten to twelve ranches situated along their banks,
and they all look in a prosperous and happy condition.  Then comes the
great waterway, Coos river, which is plied twice a day by passenger and
freight steamers.  The steamer Alert, taking the north, and steamers Coos
River and Alma taking the south fork.  This gives a good service to all who
desire to come and go, carrying freight and passengers to any point, making
Marshfield the terminus.  There are arrangements being made to make the
head of navigation on the north fork the terminus of the Douglas County
road.  If this is done, and there is every prospect of its being effected,
passengers leaving Drain can reach Marshfield the same day, and so save
many hours of tedious travel.
     In my candid opinion as a world traveler, I can see nothing but
contentment, wealth and happiness for the ranchers of Coos county.  What
has been done in other counties similarly situated can be done in  Coos, and
it will not be many years before the richness of the soil will fill the purses of
the many ranchers of the valleys.  There is opening for us on this coast a
great future and when we get in touch with the outside world and reach out
for the western trade, our future is secured.   -- GEORGE.


 # 10


     July, 1873 was a most fortunate year for the few and unimportant
merchandise stores that were found in Coos county.  At that time J. C. Yale
[, ] full representative of the then most popular and well-known firm of
Levi, Strauss & Co., of  San Francisco, made his appearance, full of the
energy of the knights of the road.  Mr. Yale made his "debut" amongst us in
that typical character which he has so well sustained.  When the full history
of Coos county is written, and the pioneer commercial travelers are fully
recorded in its annals, there will be none that can hold precedent to Mr.
Yale.  As we are well acquainted with the gentleman, we are fully prepared
to speak with knowledge of the attractive characteristics of the gentleman. 
We have often heard him speak of his rough, long, and tedious journey up
the slough -- over the trails -- by the river route-- and most of all that
Beaver slough trip to Coquille with Capt. Edwards,  now owner of the steamer
"Alert," was one that was not easily effected, and many were the times
when darkness came on the party, and left them to shift for themselves.  Not
one man in a hundred would stand the hardships that Mr. Yale has been
exposed to in the early days of his canvassing in Coos county.  But with that
determined energy that has always been Mr. Yale's most attractive quality
he proceeded with his undiminished zeal. There are very few old residents
who do not know the well-known figure, and the common remark on our
streets when he passes is "Hello, Jack."  Then comes a hearty shake of the
hands, for Mr. Yale has made no enemies in all these many years.  Those of
our merchants who have purchased goods of Mr. Yale, well know his
persistent and determined character, and always look for that happy smile
that makes the wary merchant very careful.  For twenty-seven years his
genial and happy face has been seen among us every ninety days, and many
are the merchants who wait for him.  But years creep on, and the white
locks of our old friend tells us that we cannot have him with us always.  On
his last visit to us the house that he represents sent along with him a packer
and assistant, a very pleasant young and genial gentleman by the name of
Fred W. McNamara.  The services of this assistant relieves Mr. Yale of a
great deal of the heavy work, and we hope that with this assistance, to have
Mr. Yale and his assistant with us many years.


  (pg. 5)
   # 11                

    shipping scene NB

                           SHIPPING SCENE AT NORTH BEND


(pg. 5-6)
  # 12

                          NORTH BEND MILL   
       A city's growth and prosperity is dependent largely upon her people.
Natural advantages and favorable locations are factors of no small
importance, but enterprise, energy and business ability of the people are the
agencies necessary to the growth and permanency of any important
commercial and manufacturing center.  It should be a source of genuine
pride to every person in Coos county, to note the growth and development
of the resources and possibilities of North Bend in an industrial and
commercial sense, and all should encourage so far as possible those
manufacturing industries that are so desirable to any community.  Probably
no firm in Southern Oregon has done more to develop this particular branch
of industry than A. M. and L. J. Simpson, with their wholesale lumber
yards, their saw mills, shipyard, general merchandise house, and their
perfectly equipped railroad, which taps 6,000 acres of the finest timber
lands in Oregon.  This body of timber lies on the Daniels and Marlowe
creeks, both of which empty into the south fork of Coos river.  Their
railroad is some eight miles in length, is broad gauge, and the best equipped
logging railroad on the Pacific coast.  Their main yard and offices, as well
as their planing mills, are located in North Bend; their planing mill is
thoroughly equipped with modern machinery, including band, circular and
ripsaws, steam buffer, surface matchers, sticker trimmers, etc.  Their saw
mill has a capacity of 75,000 feet per day, which is more than three times
the capacity of the old mill which was built sometime in the early 50's by
Capt. A. M. Simpson of San Francisco.  Their present mill was built in
1887-88 and the old one destroyed.  Their product is not only shipped to
San Francisco, but to foreign ports.  During the past years a great number of
improvements have been made about the plant, amongst which may be
mentioned their new store and office building, some fifteen new residences
for the accommodation of the mill employes [sic], a new dock 100 x 125,
and the old wharf extended out some thirty-eight feet into deeper water, also
a dock warehouse 40 x 50 feet.
     The timber resources of Coos bay are unexcelled anywhere on the
Pacific coast.  Here is found in abundance the famous Port Orford white
cedar, used extensively in the ship yards of the bay.  The ship-yard owned
and operated by the North Bend mill is probably the most famous on the
Pacific coast.  It was here that the first departures and improvements in
ship-building were inaugurated by the foremost ship-builder of the coast,
Capt. A. M. Simpson.  The first barkentine, bald-headed schooner, three,
four and five masted schooners built on the Pacific coast were constructed
here by their designer [, ] the same Capt. Simpson.   The old brig Arago was
built in 1859 at these yards, and is yet in commission, forty years old and
still running, which speaks well for the durability of Coos bay timber and
the thorough workmanship of the North Bend shipyards.  Since the
construction of the Arago, fifty-three vessels have been built at these yards. 
The last one, the four-masted schooner Churchill, was 172 feet keel, 40 feet
beam, with 11 feet 6 inches depth of hold.  She recently loaded a cargo of
piles aggregating 50,000 lineal feet, and even then left with less than half a
deck load.  She is estimated to carry over 1,000,000 feet of lumber.
     The keel has just been laid at these yards for another schooner, with
dimensions of 180 feet keel, 40 feet beam, and 15 feet 6 inches depth of
hold.  Active operations have already commenced and orders have been
received by manager Simpson to rush work with all dispatch so that the keel
for another vessel may be laid as soon as possible.

NB mill

                    NORTH BEND MILL PLANT looking West.

   NB mill logging RR



(pg. 6)...
 # 13

                          COQUILLE CREAMERY

     The above creamery is situated on the bank of the Coquille river an
three-fourths of a mile from Coquille city.  It is the oldest creamery now
running in Coos county, and is owned by Hillmer & Bredhoff of San
Francisco, California, and operated under a lease for the past eight years by
C. Romander. This creamery has a daily capacity of 9,000 pounds.  Mr.
Romander buys all milk used by himself from the farmers both up and
down the Coquille river and in this way last season distributed between
them $35,000 or $40,000.  His butter output for the same season was
150,000 pounds, which was all shipped to San Francisco, California.
     Mr. Romander was born in Sweden on June 23, 1862.  He received his
education in the old country, graduating from the Sweden Normal College
in 1879, and from the State Agricultural College, an institution owned by
the government, in 1881. After graduating from the above institution, he
emigrated to the United States, landing in New York, but in a short while
moved to California, where he followed dairying for four years; then British
Columbia, and later to Washington, and in 1892 came to Coquille City,
Oregon, and took charge of the Coquille creamery.  Mr Romander was
married in New York in 1895 to Miss Hannah M. Frastonson, of Sweden. 
Mr. Romander affiliates with the I.O. O. F., Chadwick No. 68, and the

    Coquillle Creamery

             Coquille Creamery, Coquille,  C. Romander, Manager.


(pg. 6-7)
 # 14

                   H. SENGSTACKEN DRUG CO. 

     The apothecary shop, as it was called in "ye olden times," was a most
important one in the community.  The same is true today, and the modern
drug store can be found in every neighborhood and community, but we
doubt if a more complete pharmacy than of H. Sengstacken's can be found
in Southern Oregon.  This well-known and popular establishment enjoys a
reputation second to no store in the county, and physicians or patients
having their medicines compounded at this store can rely upon their
accuracy and genuineness.  The stock is complete in every detail and
nothing but the very best is kept.  Prescriptions are prepared by careful and
expert apothecaries, and the store is deservedly popular.

                                     H.  SENGSTACKEN                                

     In every city there are certain commercial establishments whose
importance and high standing constitute them an essential part and element
of the city itself.  These great commercial monuments are a source of
pleasure and inspiration to all those collateral industries that go to make up
the complete system of our great business centers.  Therefore they are the
principal factors and adjuncts in the upbuilding of every important center. 
We have such an establishment in Marshfield in the mercantile house of H.
Sengstacken.  He is not only located in one of the finest buildings in the
city, but has by far the largest and best assorted stock of dry goods, boots
and shoes, gents' furnishing goods, drugs and druggists' supplies in Coos
county, and as he buys for cash and in exceptionally large quantities direct
from the manufacturers, he is enabled to undersell all competitors from 5 to
15 per cent.  In his dry goods and gents' furnishing department he is
showing some of the very latest designs and styles, and offering them at
even lower prices than are being asked [illegible] other merchants for
patterns two years behind the times. In his grocery department will not only
be found a complete line of imported fruits and vegetables put up expressly
for this trade, but everything usually kept in a first class exclusive grocery
store.  In fact all of the different departments in this mammoth store are
complete, and it will pay you to give him a call.


   Sengstacken's store, Marshfield

         H. Sengstacken's General Merchandise Store, Marshfield


(pg. 7)...

                                   [ J.] F. SCHROEDER. 

     Among the most highly respected and estimable pioneers of Coos county
the name of J. F. Schroeder is always mentioned.  A man of most exemplary
habits, of warm sympathies, and who is ever willing to extend the hand of
charity to any deserving cause or worthy individual.  He has won a
reputation for honesty, probity, and sobriety, that no words of ours can add
to, and of which he is in every way deserving.  Born in Baltimore, Md.,
September 15, 1844.  His education was received in the public schools of
his native city.  In 1859 his parents removed to Coos county, Oregon,
locating on the Coquille River, where his father, Henry Schroeder,
homesteaded 90 acres and purchased 110 acres.  The subject of this sketch
worked on his father's farm until he was 21 years old, when he bought 157
acres in the same neighborhood and commenced farming on his own hook. 
Since then he has added to his original purchase some 70 acres.  In 1897
Mr. Schroeder built the Magnolia creamery on his farm.  The creamery is
complete in all details and all the milk used is supplied by a band of 50 head
of cows, most of which are thoroughbred Jerseys, which are owned by
himself. The most of the product of the creamery is shipped direct to San
Francisco, Calif.  Mr. Schroeder was married in 1855 to Miss Mary Grout,
who was born on Clatsop plains at the mouth of the Columbia river, and has
the honor of being the first white child born in Oregon.  They have a family
of three boys and two girls. Mr. Schroeder is a director on the school board,
which position he has held off and on for the past twenty years.

                 [ photo   J. F. Schroeder  (pg 7); not copied]

(pg. 7)...
 # 16

                                  STEPHEN GALLIER.

     There are many people who really think that the duties of a county
sheriff are light and easy and begrudge them the emoluments [sic]  of the
office.  But merely thinking and knowing so are two different things, and
the expression of the former opinion only indicate [sic] the speaker's
ignorance of the serious and oft-times dangerous work this officer has to
perform.  The present efficient sheriff of Coos county is a man who stands
very high among his constituents, and is the fortunate possessor of a host of
friends.  He was born in Kendall county, Illinois, in 1857.  In 1871, Mr.
Gallier moved to California and later to Jackson county, Oregon; and two
years later removed to Coos county, where he took up a homestead in the
southern part of the county.  In 1886 he removed to Bandon and ran the
Tupper House until June, 1900, when he was elected sheriff. Mr. Gallier
was married January 12, 1886, to Mary A. Langlois of Curry county.  They
have an interesting family of two girls and one boy. 

             [photo  Sheriff Gallier, Coquille  (pg 7)  not copied]

(pg. 7,9)

                            SILAS H. HAZARD     

     There is probably no member of the legal profession better or more
favorably known throughout Southern Oregon than is the subject of this
sketch, by reason of his long and intimate acquaintance with its leading
men, and active participation in all matters of public import that have
tended to advance the interests of this portion of the state.  His ability and
integrity have made for him friends in all classes of society.  Mr. Hazard is
a native of Louisiana, being born in Baton Rouge on the sixteenth day of
June, 1838.  When but six years old his parents removed to New Jersey,
remaining but a short time they again removed  first to Pennsylvania, then
to Mississippi, and in October, 1848, located in Iowa City, Iowa.  Mr.
Hazard received his preliminary education in the public schools in Iowa
City, and in 1855 entered the University of Iowa, where he remained for
two years.  He then accepted a position in the mercantile house of his
brother-in-law, G. D. Palmer, where he remained for the next eighteen
months.  Resigning this position, he went to work on the farm where he
remained until 1860, at which time he began the study of law under the
well-known firm of Patterson & Robinson of Iowa City, where he remained
until he was admitted, January 22, 1865.  Shortly after being admitted, Mr.
Hazard made a trip across the plains to San Francisco.  In 1865 he returned
to Iowa and purchased a farm. While living on this farm he continued to
devote a part of his time to the practice of law, and in 1869, on account of
the rapid increase of his practice, he was, in justice to himself and his
clientage [sic], compelled to give up farming and devote his time to his law
practice.  In 1872 he removed to Oregon, and located in Empire city (then
the county seat of Coos county).  In June, 1876, Mr. Hazard was elected
district attorney and re-elected in 1878.  On the twenty-fifth of July, 1900,
Mr. Hazard removed to Marshfield and opened his office in the Bennett-
Walters building.  Mr. Hazard has decidedly one of the best law libraries in
Southern Oregon if not in the state (outside of Portland). His library is very
conveniently arranged along the walls of his suite of four office rooms, and
consists of something over 2,000 volumes.  Mr. Hazard is a member of the
A. O. U. W.

                      [photo   S. H. Hazard  (pg 9)   not copied]

(pg. 9)..
 # 18

                                      JOHN F. HALL     

     John Hall is one of the best-known and highly esteemed lawyers of Coos
county.  He is an active, energetic citizen and a gentleman that takes an
active interest in the welfare and prosperity of both the city and county of
which he has been a resident for the past twenty-nine years.  Born in Polk
county, Oregon, on the sixteenth day of October, 1856, he remained there
until his eleventh year, when he removed with his parents to Douglas
county, where he spent the next two years of his life.  He then removed to
Coos county, locating on Isthmus slough, two miles from Marshfield, where
his father first preempted [sic] and later homesteaded his place.  He
remained on the farm until 1875 when he accepted a position in a saw mill
where he remained for two years.  The next year he spent on the sea. 
Returning home he rented his father's farm.  In 1882 he was elected county
surveyor and re-elected in 1884. While county surveyor Mr. Hall read law
under T. G. Owen, and in 1886 under Col. John Kelsay of Corvallis, and
was admitted October, 1887.  In March, 1900, he was appointed city
treasurer.  In 1890 Mr. Hall was elected school clerk, which position he still
holds, having been re-elected each term.  He has also been a member of the
Democratic state and county central committees, and takes great interest in
the welfare of his party.  He, in connection with his brother, J. T. Hall,
conduct a real estate and insurance business, Mr. J. T. Hall looking after this
line of the business, Mr. John F. devoting his time and attention to his law
practice.  Their offices are located in the Eldorado building.  Mr. Hall was
married in 1882, to Miss Mary Strickling, of Texas.  They have one child, a
girl, two years old.  Mr. Hall is a member of the I. O. O. F., K. of P. and

                  [Photo   J. F. Hall  (pg 9)  not copied]

(pg. 9)..
# 19

                     CHRISTENSEN & JOHNSON. 

     The above firm is one of the largest and most important mercantile
houses in Coos county, and it is their claim that they carry not only the
largest but also the best assorted stock in the county of furniture, linoleum,
window shades, and in fact, everything usually found in a first class, up-to-
date furniture house.  Their patronage is not confined to the boundary lines
of Marshfield, but extends over the entire county, and on account of the
large territory covered by them, they have established a mail order
department that has become a very important branch of their business. 
They also carry a very complete stock of undertaking goods and supplies,
and as Mr. Johnson has had years of practical experience is especially
prepared to take care of all business in this line entrusted to them.
     C. A. Johnson, resident manager of the above firm was born in Finland
on November 15, 1849.  He received his education in the public schools of
his native country, where he remained until 1872, at which time he
emigrated to the United States, and on the seventeenth day of September,
1872, landed at Boston, Massachusetts, where he remained for one and a
half years, when he removed to San Francisco, California.  Remaining a
short time, he removed to Oregon, and in 1874, removed to North Bend,
Coos county, and accepted a position in the ship yards as ship carpenter.  In
1886, in connection with Mr. Christensen and Mr. Lackstrom, he embarked
in the furniture business.  In August of the same year Messrs. Christensen
and Johnson bought Mr. Lackstrom's interest and the firm has remained
Christensen & Johnson ever since.  Mr. Johnson was married in 1879 to
Miss Minnie Greenman. They have nine children living, five boys and four
girls.  Mr. Johnson is serving his second three-year term as school director,
also second term as councilman.  He is a member of the I. O. O. F. and

   Christensen & Johnson Furniture

              Christenson & Johnson's Furniture Store, Marshfield. 


(pg. 9-10)
 # 20

                                         THOMAS HIRST. 

     There is one subject in which the people of Oregon, and especially the
younger generation, will never lose interest, and that is the lives and doings
of the pioneers and men of early days.  They have always been regarded as
heroes by the world, and as time elapses that feeling is strengthened, and
very properly so, as no where [sic] else has been found the peculiar and
famous circumstances which made the Oregon of the early days and the
people what they are.  It is hence, with no apology, that we present this
sketch of the life of Thomas Hirst, one of Coos county's oldest and most
esteemed citizens. Mr. Hirst was born in England in 1835.  When but 15
years old he emigrated to the United States, spending three years in Ohio,
then removed to Australia, where he remained for five years, then returned
to the United States, landing in San Francisco, and one year later removed
to Oregon, locating on the Coquille river, where he preempted [sic] a
homestead, which, at that time was covered with a dense forest of heavy
myrtle and maple.  After clearing a part of his farm he became engaged in
stock raising, and in the flood of 1861 he, like others who had their farms
on the banks of the Coquille river, lost all of their cattle, farm implements,
and in fact about everything except their land.  In 1873 Mr. Hirst removed
to Marshfield and bought into the general mercantile house of A. Nasburg,
and in 1875 they built their present building which is two stories 40 x 60. 
On the death of Mr. Nasburg in June, 1894, Mr. Hirst wound up the estate
and has continued in the business at the old stand ever since.  Mr. Hirst was
one of the town trustees when Marshfield was organized and re-elected four
times.  He has also been school trustee a number of terms.  He was post
master of Marshfield in 1881-2, and for a number of previous was deputy
post master under Mr. Nasburg.  Mr. Hirst was married in 1855 to Miss
Louise A. Melton, of Australia.  He affiliates with the I. O. O. F. and K. of
P.  While Mr. Hirst still conducts a general merchandise business he is
making more of a specialty of his grocery department, in which line he has
an especially heavy and well assorted stock.

                            [ photo   Thos. Hirst   (pg. 9)   not copied]
(pg. 8,13)
# 21



                   Coos Bay Packing Co.'s Salmon Cannery, Marshfield


(pg. 13)xx
                                 CLAM CANNERY.                                                

     We have fruit, salmon, and various other canneries, but the latest
innovation is a clam cannery that is in the process of construction at
Marshfield, Oregon, by Frank Fly and James Rolandson.  They are going
into the business on a small scale or in other words will feel their way as
they go, and if things justify they can easily increase the capacity of their
plant.  There are six different varieties of clams on Coos bay and the supply
is considered inexhaustible.


Sun 1901 Special Edition Illustrated:   Part 3:  NEXT

A Special thank you to the Marshfield Sun Printing Museum, Coos Bay, Oregon, for
allowing editors to photograph original illustrations in the Special Edition.

    Note:  The original tabloid was 30 pages, 3-column-wide.  The type is too small to reduce
whole pages to fit a computer screen.  So here is the complete text, and photos,  in an entirely
new, single column  layout.   Original page numbers included

Photos digitalized by ElRoy Miller; enhanced and  adapted to web by Marilee Miller.
NO COPYING or distribution without permission.  [marilee@wordforlife.com]

Compilation copyright (c) 2005 by Marilee Miller.

Actual text is in public domain.   Free copy, text-only, please go back to Sun Annual Part 1  

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