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Historical Newspapers  Oregon

The following items were selected and transcribed from microfilm by Marilee Miller.
This is not a comprehensive list of news items.

Please read explanation and copyright info at end of document.


The Corvallis Gazette  Corvallis, Or. 
     chronological, with limited keywords


         1865-76   1878   |  1880   1890   1891   1899   1900   to newspaper menu  

1879

ID-line   keywords   abbr. name of paper and editor's reference number   date

January
 
Jan 3, l879

Paper mail OT-Corvallis  CG 16 Jan 3, 1879 
postal cards sent to all patrons of Gazette whose subscription had expired,   nq at all  

Srh-boat Srh-river Srh-CoosRiver disaster shipwreck Locale-CoosRiver  
CG16 Jan 3, 1879
     The steamer Satellite ran on to a snag at the forks of Coos river last Monday
and sank out of sight in fifteen minutes, a portion of the smokestack only being
visible.  She will be raised probably [sic].   +

Locale politic Srh name-Lane  CG16  Jan 3, 1879
     The people of Coos Bay wish to send Gen. Joe Lane to Washington to urge
Congress to make an appropriation to improve the entrance to the bay.  In a
letter speaking of the matter Gen. Lane says: “I would not be willing to take or
spend one cent of the people’s money without I could be of service to them
[sic].  It is now too late in this Congress.”  +

Name-Luse? Srh- Locale-Bay-area Locale-CoosBay  CG16 Jan 3, 1879
     Mr. Juse [as I typed it, then, my handwritten question-note,  L?, which would = Luse],
of Coos Bay, is going to build another steamer to ply on the waters of that bay. The
News says there are now four steamers plying...the waters of the bay daily, for
freight and passengers, there are two as fine tugs on the bay as there are on the coast,
[sic] and two ocean steamers making regular trips between this port and San Francisco,
all supported by the patronage of Coos county alone.  +
  
Misc-word  CG16  Jan 3, 1879   [term bunco operators used.]

name vital-stat OT-Ashland  CG16 Jan 3, 1878
Capt  0 C Applegate, Ashland, got married.  wedding was brilliant affair,
presents numerous and handsome.
=

Srh Srh-CaptWinant Srh-ship health-accid misc-word  CG17 Jan 3, 1879
Affliction upon affliction  [head].  Capt. J J Winant, of Alameda, another
more serious injury; just recovering from broken knee-pan; slipped, breaking
knee-pan again.  It is a terrible afflictant [sic] and will prob. keep Capt
confined to room for weeks; Capt “Jimmy” as he familiarly called, will make
best of  it. nq

Jan 10, 1879

Lhc climate RR-dreams RR-outside paper locale- Srh- CG17 Jan 10, 1879
An ice blockade on the Willamette and Columbia rivers; talk of building roads
to the Dalles or Astoria.  Ed. Corvallis suggests building railroad from the
“Heart of the valley" to give Portland outlet to Pac. ocean forever free from ice
blockades on river. [M.  But he’s really plugging Yaquina RR again, evid;
means they could tie to existing RR system Portland-Corvallis, then out to
Yaquina, doesn’t suggest Astoria or other.]

Racism/ethnic war OT-Yakima  CG17  Jan 10, 1879 
THE INDIAN WAR OVER.  [correspondent writing Oregonian fm Yakima
City. [M. note, but that’s what they said quite a while ago; Chief Moses listed
now; before was Chief Joseph.]

Crop price OT-Independence  CG17 Jan 10, 1879 
wheat worth 84 c a bu. at Independence.  

Mail people-attitude Locale-CoosCounty  CG17 Jan 10, 1879  
CB News says mail service to rest of world insufficient.  

coal Locale-CoosCounty  CG17 Jan 10, 1879  
 CB News.  Our Coos bay coal mines are all increasing their forces; Southport
miners worked all day Sun last.  Nfq

Paper OT-Salem  CG 17 Jan 10, 1879  
Town Talk, sm. daily at Salem, R B and Frank Conover, prop.

Jan 17, 1879

Climate  CG17 Jan 17, 1879 
[more on ice blockades]  [M note: see also Lhc CG 17 Jan 10, 1879]

Fish enterprise Locale-Siuslaw Srh-river Srh-SiuslawRiver  CG17 Jan 17, 1879  
fm CB News: Duncan’s cannery, on the Siuslaw, to move 5 mi. up the river.

paper name OT-Albany  CG17 Jan 17, 1879 
Col VanCleve, publ. Albany Register.
[M. 2005.  Any relation to Fischer-VanCleve drama touring group?  ]

Racism/ethnic govt  CG18 Jan 17, 1879  Chief Moses let loose by orders of
Interior Dept.  [Indian]   

Climate locale-  CG18 Jan 17, 1879
Snow 6 ft deep in Blue mtns near Parker wells, only 4 on summit.  

Racism/ethnic school church OT-Salem  CG18  Jan 17, 1879
 The Salem Chinese mission school prosperous, doing much good [say its friends.]

School OT-Monmouth  CG18 Jan 17, 1879
Oregon Normal School, Monmouth, lists staff, etc. need of such a school long felt in
Oregon. We glad to know teachers can have benefit of such institution.   nq

Jan 24, 1979

OT-Corvallis business item people-attitude  CG17 Jan 24,1879
Corvallis is to have a bank immediately. For lack of a bank business has
suffered, seriously inconveniencing business men.  Mr. L B Hamilton, of this
city, to establish; his safe, latest improved, burglar, fireproof,  wgt 5000 lb,
came up to Portland on stmr fm SF.

Jan 3l, 1879

Srh politic govt  CG 17 Jan 31, 1879 
a bill for funds to survey the Coquille river  had been passed last legislature
[Washington D C?].  intro, by Senator Mitchell.   nq

Lewis & Clark Expedition history health health-death racism/ethnic [Indian]  
CG17 Jan  31, 1879 
Tom Lewis, ninety, last survivor of the Lewis & Clark expedition;
Merriwether Lewis took along one of his slaves, a young 17, named Tom;
remarkably black, neither comely in person nor attractive in manner; but was
Capt. Lewis’ favorite bodyguard; Capt. Lewis often told how Tom saved his
life after the expedition crossed the Rocky mtns and was abt to descend to
Columbia R. Lewis was in wilderness with no companion save Tom, who had
been christened by soldiers “Capt. Tom Lewis”;  the two were attacked by hostile
tribes; Capt Lewis seriously wounded; sent the only ball in his rifle thru head
of assailant; other 2 rushed him; Tom brained them both with butt end of gun.
He went through all the trials and hardships of that great expedition without
flinching. After Capt Lewis went home to his mother’s home in Albemarle
county, he went to St Louis,Mo, of which he was then governor; on his return
he stopped at a little inn on the roadside somewhere in Tennessee. Next
morning was found with throat slit. Tom was his lowly servant then, and
knew more about the mystery than anyone, but he always shook his head
and said, ”This is a matter the 1ess talked about the better."  After death
master Tom went to Albemarle co, with his savings bought sm. farm. He
was feeble, prob. fell on road as he went to get some wood for fire; prob
too feeble to rise, froze to death; death ends the list of  survivors of this
expedition.   nfq
=

February

Feb 7, 1879

coal Srh-river Srh-CoosRiver  CG18 Feb 7, 1879
     A six foot vein of fine coal has been discovered above tidewater on the south
fork of Coos river. +

Srh-boat Srh-river Srh-CoosBay srh-boat novelty-wood Locale-CoosBay 
CG18  Feb 7, 1879
     A scow loaded with match wood swamped in Coos Bay, last week, and most
of the cargo was lost.  +

Tot-Marshfield prices  CG18 Feb 7, 1879
     The Marshfield city government does not owe a cent and has on hand nearly
$400.  +

Church character temperance entertain  CG18  Feb 7, 1879 
M.E. church, Salem, determined to enforce discipline “imprudent conduct",
neglect of duties of any kind, imprudent conduct, indulging sinful tempers or
words, the buying, selling or using intoxicating liquors as beverage, dancing,
playing at games of chance, attending theaters, horse races, circuses, dancing
parties, or patronizing dancing schools, or taking other amusements as are
obviously of misleading or questionable moral tendency; or, disobedience to
the order or discipline of the church.  nfq

Feb 14, 1879

Paper OT-Portland  CG18  Feb 14, 1879
Portland Newspapers: The Bee, new ed. S.A. Clark.   The Oregonian, H W
Scott, best ed. of the state.

OT-Monroe name-Aiken  CG18 Feb 14, 1879  
J Aiken, Monroe.

OT-Albany name-Applegate moving  CG18 Feb 14, 1879  
Gen. E L Applegate, Albany [moving family to] 

R.E. name-Marple  CG18  Feb 14, 1879  valuable land, sale cheap, E Marple. 

Climate OT-Corvallis  CG18 Feb 14, 1879  
foothills west of Corvallis covered with white snow; didn’t remain long.

 Item- item-apparel item-tobacco item-food holiday OT-Corvallis  
CG18 Feb 14, 1879   
neatest, most charming and original valentines, E Rosenthal, dealer gents
furnishing goods, cigars, tobaccos, candies, etc.

name-McCain church  CG18 Feb 14, 1879  
2nd quarterly mtg ME Ch, Corvallis charge, Rev J S McCain, P E, to officiate.   

Paper  CG18 Feb 14, 1879  Rsbg Plaindealer, C Y Benjamin, publisher.

OT-Corvallis business condit-progress character  CG18  Feb 14, 1879
new bank of W B Hamilton & Co Corvallis now in full blast. mgrs are solid,
responsible men
 
official-state politic  CG 18 Feb 14, 1879  Ex-Gov. Chadwick.  

Racism/ethnic law govt politic  CG18 Feb 14, 1879 
Chinese restriction bill has passed US Senate, became law.

Paper OT-Roseburg misc-word   CG18  Feb 14, 1879  
Rsbg now two dailies, Plaindealer and Star, both spicy papers.  

Church CG18  Feb 14, 1879  
Lent will be 12 days later this year than 1878;  Ash Wednesday on 26th.

school OT-Ashland court county-  CG18 Feb14, 1879
Ashland academy bldg sold by sheriff by decree of circuit court foreclosing
mortgage held W C Myer; Myer was purchaser at $3700; sale will not
interfere with present term school.

Climate locale- mail   CG18  Feb 14, 1879
 snow summit N mtns over McKenzie rd heaviest in yrs; 5-15 ft deep; mail
carrier has to use snow shoes to cross to Ochoco.

Health-contag OT-Tualitin  CG18  Feb 14, 1879  diptheria still raging at Tualitin. 

official-State politics  CG18  Feb 14, 1879    Grover, Chadwick and Cann  [head]  
former politics stirs up problems.

Feb 28, 1879

Book literary  CG18 Feb 28, 1879
Chambers’ Cyclopedia of English Literature, Vol 1  new beautiful edition of
excellent work just issued by Am Book Exchange, NY   nq at all   

Srh-harbor-refuge climate Locale-  CG18 Feb 28, 1879
[lengthy on surveys at Cape Foulweather, P Orford; harbor refuge question.
gives climate and stat, of Port Orford; mentions Ellensburg; lighthouse Cape
Blanco 7 mi distance.]

March

Mar 7, 1879

Racism/ethnic law politic character?  CG18 Mar 7, 1879  
Chinese restriction bill; anti-Chinese demonstrations.

OT-Cornelius business bldg [ ]  CG18  Mar 7, 1879
Cornelius has 33 families, 1 blacksmith shop, l wagon shop, l harness shop,
stores, l warehouse, 1 saloon,  1 drug store, 1 livery stable.
=

mining health-accid locale-  CG 19  Mar 7, 1879
Curtis Manning, young man mining upper Grays cr, both bones of left leg broken by
caving of a bank under which he working.

politic Srh-harbor-refuge prices  CG19 Mar 7, 1879  
senate committee commerce, recognizing importance of establ. breakwater and
harbor of refuge on Pacific coast, point to be selected by bd of engineers, recommend commencement of the work, have fixed amt at $150,000.  Also amended the river
and harbor bill by adding $50,000 to house item for the canal at Columbia R.
cascades, making total amount in bit [as I typed it; probably = bid] as reported  $100,000;
also added $20,000 to the house appropriation of $40,000 for improvement
at Coos Bay.   Nq

Lhc-census OT-Portland  CG19 Mar 7, 1879  Portland pop 17,225 by actual census taken.

Mar 14, 1879

Health-contag OT-Astoria  CG19 Mar 14, 1879  no more diptheria in Astoria. 

Health-accid health-death name-Lehnherr OT- Locale-  CG19 Mar 14, 1879 
 little child of Joseph Lehnherr, living near Jenkins station, Southern Oregon,
burned to death.    

OT-Corvallis official-town  CG19 Mar 14, 1879  
Notary public John Burnett, Corvallis.   [ M. there was also a Geo Burnett
mentioned elsewhere, not as notary]   /     Wallace Baldwin, mayor of Corvallis.   

Health-sickness OT-Salem misc-word?  CG19 Mar 14, 1879  
 F S Matthews, genial and popular “mine host” Chemeketa Hotel, Salem,
confined to room over 5 wk with foot ailment.  

Pioneer Locale-Oregon  CG19 Mar 14, 1879  
Strang family, pioneers of Oregon.  [Portland, Salem, other?]

natl law govt Racism/ethnic  CG19 Mar 14, 1879  
 The president (Hayes) vetoes the Chinese exclusion bill, saying he objects to its
passage  nq at all    [M 2005; however Oregon, WA, Calif, enacted Chinese
restriction bills [not exclusion] in 1879]
 
Mar 21,1879

Srh-harbor-refuge Srh-river Srh-CaptWinant locale-  CG19 Mar 21, 1879
by politeness of Capt  J J Winant, are in receipt of copy of supplement to SF
Journal of Commerce Jan22,1879, articles on Pacific Coast Harbors. We are
not surprised that the preference, in all these articles, should be given to
California, but we were somewhat surprised to find mention made of Rogue
River, Port Orford, Arago, Coos Bay, Umpqua, Siuslaw [sic], Alsea,
Yaquina Bay, Oster [sic] Bay, Columbia river, and other points, in Oregon,
but not one word about Cape Foulweather, which beyond all doubt, in any
unprejudiced mind, is the most available and most practical point for a
breakwater between San Francisco and Puget Sound...

crime health-death paper-attitude  CG19 Mar 21, 1879
[3 col. descr. on] hanging of Johnson and Brown, the last hrs of doomed
criminals; 2 of the O’Shea robbers and murderers of boy Louis Joseph. 2nd
execution that city: Portland, fm Oregonian.  [M note: the popularity of
full reporting on hangings, as with Sevier Lewis case.]

Srh-river Srh-ColumbiaRiver Srh-boat OT-TheDalles  CG 19 Mar 21, 1879
there is to be steam ferry across the Columbia at the Dalles; arrangements
made for building the boat.   

name-Spaulding OT-Astoria  CG19 Mar 21, 1879  Art Spaulding, b .(Astoria)   

Srh-harbor Srh-river Srh-RogueRiver  CG19  Mar 21, 1879
entrance to Rogue R. good condition; channel perfectly straight; 20 ft water
on bar at low tide, vessels of moderate draft can cross in perfect safety.  

Srh-ferry OT-Albany  CG19 Mar 21, 1879  Asbhy Pearce, proprietor
ferry at Albany.

Mar 28, 1879

mill OT-Corvallis lbr  CG19 Mar 28, 1879  
Corvallis saw mill started up last wk, turning out 1st-class lbr.

Apr 4, 1879 --
Apr 11 ,1879 --

Apr 15, 1879

Srh-harbor-refuge Srh-CaptWinant Srh-CapeFoulweather locale-CapeFoulweather  
CG19 Apr 15, 1879  
letter fm Capt Winant abt Cape Foulweather question.    

Agric name-Minto history organiz CG19 Apr 15, 1879 
[J  Minto mentioned in connection with giving history of organization of Or.
St.  Agric. Soc.]
=

Apr18, 1879

Paper OT-Corvallis  CG20 Apr 18, 1879   Gazette, ed. W B Carter

Racism/ethnic RR-outside Srh-harbor-refuge Locale-CapeFoulweather  
CG20 Apr 18, 1879
[Indians,-  Yaquina RR, also in news often besides Cape Foulweather. [latter
had all but crowded out any other Oregon News]   

Racism/ethnic Locale-Siletz  CG20  Apr 18, 1879  Siletz news [Indian]   

name-Applegate OT-Albany Locale-CapeFoulweather Srh-harbor-refuge 
CG20 Apr 18, 1879  
 Gen E L Applegate, Albany, b; investigated Cape Foulweather.

Apr 25,1879

OT-Corvallis business item- livery- official-county  CG20 Apr 18, 1879
The New IXL store, Corvallis (opposite Sol King’s Livery Stable, 2nd st )   [M. note: 
Sol King was listed as Sheriff recently] just opened with new and selected
stock dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, carpets, fancy goods.  [doesn’t
give name of prop.]

Srh-ocean Srh-ship Srh-bar Srh-river Srh-ColumbiaRiver disaster shipwreck character 
CG20 Apr 18, 1879 
Wreck of stmr Great Republic, last Fri night, while attempting to cross
Columbia R. bar;13 lives lost; officers exhibited great bravery and coolness in
saving lives of passengers.   nq

May 2, 1879

world Locale- people-attitude? misc-word  CG20 May 2, 1879  
[ flap in Sandwich Islands, Johnny Bull rubbed wrong way, lengthy.   Nq at all]

novelty-brick business OT-Roseburg Srh-river locale-  CG20 May 2, 1879
E M Moore to build brick store in Roseburg this summer; materials already
contracted for. ferry between The Dalles and Washington Territory launched
25th; the Rockland.   

Racism/ethnic crime OT-OregonCity health  CG20 May 2, 1879  
opium dens discovered in Oregon City. [Chinese]

racism govt OT-Siletz  CG20 May 2, 1879  
Wm Bagley, US Indian agent Siletz appointment of his successor.

enterprise prices transport  CG 20 May 2, 1879 
     Wells, Fargo & Co. has instructed their agents to transport any article not
weighing over one pound and not valued at more than ten dollars, to any point
on their routes, west of Ogden, for the small sum of twenty-five cents.   +

Misc-word-snagboat Srh-boat Srh-river Srh-dredging? Locale- OT-Corvallis  
CG 20 May 9, 1879
The U S snag boat, Corvallis, doing very effective service on the Willamette
at Centennial Chute, Hogue’s Creek, Booneville slough, other places 8-10
miles above Corvallis.

May 16, 1879

RR-outside Locale- OT  CG 20 May 16, 1879
arrangements been perfected to commence work on the narrow gauge RR
OregonCity-Springfield, expected to reach the head of the valley in 6 mo,
when arrangements are expected to be completed with Central Pacific
whereby road will continually east to Winnemucca;  connection between
Springfield-Winnemucca to be completed by 1882.

Racism/ethnic  health crime paper-attitude people-attitude law character misc-saying? 
CG20 May 16, 1879
 opium dens of San Francisco: to be sucking a stinking, filthy pipe tt been
used by lowest and most abandoned of this country and of China, should be
enough to deter every decent American fm an opium den.  we need law in
Corvallis similar to SF law.  [Chinese]

Church-indir law state OT-Corvallis  CG 20  May 16, 1879
Corvallis has a stringent Sunday law, carrying out State law; move in right
direction, either enforce a statute or repeal it altogether.  nq

paper salesman prices misc-word-canvassing  CG20 May 16, 1879
SF CALL [newspaper] mentioned;  J B Thompson, traveling agent, canvassing Corvallis;
weekly with gift map, subscription only $1.00 per yr.

May 23,1879

RR-Outside RR-dreams Lhc condit? locale- OT  CG20  May 23, 1879
never in history of Benton co has tide of immigration been so strong; Yaquina
RR and Cape Foulweather, together with cheering prospect RR coming hither
at early day, accounts for rapid increase pop; within 12 mo. we could have our
pop. doubled  -- but must be a unit for the RR, for every public enterprise. 

Locale-SoapCreek  CG20  May 23, 1879  
Soap Creek [mentioned. ] [M. was  place, not just a creek]. 

State census crime bldg  CG20 May 23, 1879  
There are 100 prisoners in penitentiary.   

Racism/ethnic health OT-Astoria prices crime  CG 20 May 23,1879  
Or Wing fined $40 for keeping an opium den in Astoria. [Chinese]

Locale- entertain? Racism people-attitude  CG 20 May 23, 1879  
     The Luckiamute anti-Chinese club will give a picnic.  +
=

Name-Barlow locale-Siuslaw  GG21 May 23, 1879   Mr. A Barlow, living on Siuslaw.     

OT-TheDalles condit-progress house improve  CG21 May 23, 1879  
104 houses built The Dalles last season, as many more will be this season.  

name-Lane politic health OT-Roseburg war-indir  CG 21 May 23, 1879
Gen. Joseph Lane is now resident Roseburg; he feeling splendid, health excellent.

Road locale-  CG 21 May 23, 1879
 public road is now open on S. Umpqua to mouth of Elk creek, 3 mi. built this
spring.   

Srh-harbor? Srh-ocean Srh-ship Srh-freight fish item-hides animal 
CG21  May 23, 1879
on the 14th the stmr Aneon [sic] outward bound, took 4900 cases salmon,
438 hides and pelts at Astoria.

Fruit prices racism/ethnic-indir locale- item-food misc-word-pomological  
 CG21  May 23,  1879
T E Cauthorn, finest raisins we ever had pleasure sampling; superior size,
flavor; 75 c for 5 lb. box; warranted pure and fresh, prepared exclusively by
white labor, by C D Brooks, Mountain View Pomological [sic] Farm,
Diamond Springs, El Dorado county, Cal; he is uncle of Cauthorn. Call at the
store of A. Cauthorn & Son; prices lower than ever offered in this market.  nq.
muscatel [sic] raisins.

dairy needed wagon enterprise OT-Corvallis paper-attitude  CG21  May 23, 1879
     It seems a little strange that Corvallis has not, for many years, at least, boasted
a “milk wagon.”  Mr. A. G. Mulkey has concluded to try the experiment of
supplying this demand, and is making arrangements to start a wagon...  He has
reduced the price of milk, and will, doubtless meet with liberal patronage.  +

RR-outside RR-dreams Locale- immigration home-seekers road wagon character
paper-attitude  CG21 May 23, 1879  
      [Salem Statesman.]   “The English colony, mentioned sometime [sic] ago as
coming out under the auspices of Col. Hogg, of Corvallis, passed up the river
last evening on the steamer Bonanza, under the leadership of Mr. Wallace Nash.
There were twenty-one adults, men and women, among them some two or
three civil engineers. The colony propose [sic] to settle on the Yaquina Bay,
on lands belonging to the wagon road company, of which Hogg is manager.
This is but the beginning of quite a large immigration should these find things
to their liking. They have considerable means and the appearance of thrift, and
will be quite a valuable acquisition. "  +  [M. 2004.  I believe this is the Nash
from England who wrote a book abt Oregon]   

RR-Outside RR-dreams Locale- [ ]  CG21 May 23, 1879
     We had the pleasure of a call, last Monday morning, from Col. T. Egenton
[sic] Hogg, and Mr. Wallis [sic] Nash and wife. This is Mr. Nash’s second
visit to Oregon, and likes Webfoot land [sic], despite the "mists" which
discourage so many newcomers.  +  [M. Col. Hogg has often been mentioned as a
financier, goes to England to get money for deals, especially Yaquina RR.] 

name-Curry official-state OT- pursuit friend  CG21 May 23, 1879
Geo. L. Curry, Jr; son of ex-Gov. Geo L  Curry, thru Corvallis on way to
Portland; spent few days Philomath, fishing, hunting, friends.

temperance OT-Corvallis organiz  CG21  May 23, 1879
[Blue Ribbon Society seems to have been temperance organization in
Corvallis.  M. note.  not sure whether it anyplace else or affiliated. ]

Invention machine condit-progress [  ]  CG21 May 23, 1879
[Head:]    THE KEELY MOTOR AGAIN
     The Philadelphia Press announces that the Keely motor is now a practical
success, and the inventor is no longer feeling his way in the region of
experiments.  It prints a statement from Mr. Keely in which he says that he
has constructed a peculiar engine for his motor, and adds:  I have succeeded,
during the few weeks since it was completed,  in so far adjusting it, or
graduating it, as I term it, to run it for at least ten hours which I produce in a
second.  This engine, I do not hesitate to say, will be a complete and perfectly
operating machine, and will demonstrate to everyone that my much derided
motor is a complete and perfect triumph.  Inventors are liable, as they all
know, to interruptions by breakage and other mechanical difficulties.  +

name-Minto crime item-liquor -official [  ] misc-word  CG21  May 23, 1879
Marshall J Minto under fire in a stirring shooting scrape on First st at
residence Henry Jankossky.  Jankossky’s wife called marshal ‘cause her
husband drinking heavily.  Minto tried to stop him from leaving home; was shot;
an officer with Minto then fired at Jankossky, wounded; he will be taken to
prison.  Minto unarmed; not much serious hurt, but had blood-curdling escape
from death.  Nq at all.
=

May 30, 1879

[not keyworded yet]

              CG21b May 30, 1879
A family on Lousignot's [sic] lake poisoned by eating dried apples brought from store in sack which had contained blue vitriol; all been seriously sick but all recovered.

Corvallis College commencement exercises.

Royal Marionettes next Tue eve.

THE ROYAL MARIONETTES. [head]
     As will be seen by advertisement, this remarkably popular exhibition will be presented before the peop1e of Corvallis and vicinity, on next Tuesday evening, June 3d. The following neat notice is from the San Jose Herald.  +
     The little wooden people continue to please all who see them, particularly the children. The comic antics of the Automatons must be seen to be appreciated, and no one who has a child old enough to understand the performance, should fail to take them to see the Marionettes. Nothing benefits a person more than a jolly laugh, and this the little ones will have if they are allowed to see the Marionettes. +  [M. note. This paragraph is in smaller type than the rest of text.]

diptheria, King's Valley.

Capt Jas D Miller,of steamer McCully, ranks among pioneers of steamboating on upper Willamette; is deservedly popular; the McCully, until further notice, leaves Portland for Corvallis Tue, Fri; returning leaves Corvallis weds, mons --laying over Sun at this place.

June

June 6, 1879

     The vile compounds now dealt out across the bars, and in the low dens, [sic] called saloons, throughout this 1and, are literally liquid damnation. We heard an eminent physician remark, recently, that we no longer have "drunken" men -- they drink and instead of being drunk they are crazy – poisoned.  While in Albany, last Monday, a physician informed us that on the previous evening he was called to see a young man, of respectable family, and found him "crazy as a
bed-bug” [sic], as the Doctor expressed it -- literally poisoned.  During Sunday he had been indulging, not very freely, in liquors of different kinds, but the result was alarming.
     And now comes the sad news, that on Friday night, of last week, James D. Fay, formerly of this county, a lawyer of some note, well known throughout this State, having been a member of the Oregon legislature, and Speaker of the Senate, had committed suicide, by shooting himself through the head, while on a drunken debauch [as I typed it], at Empire City, Southern Oregon. For some years Mr. Fay has resided in San Francisco, and was attending court at Empire City, at the time.
     The fatal shot was fired in a saloon, while laboring under temporary insanity, caused by drinking the poisonous decoctions dealt out under the protection of a license. The following is the verdict of the coroner's inquest, and particulars, as far as known:
     “We, the jury summoned to inquire into the cause of the death of Jas. D. Fay do find that deceased came to his death by a wound inflicted by a pistol shot fired from a pistol held in his own hands."
     The facts developed by the testimony given before the jury was [sic] that the night previous he had retired with L. F. Lane about 12 o'clock.  After that time he took two or three drinks, but not sufficient, as Mr. Lane testified, to produce delirium tremens. Mr. Lane then left him, and Mr. Fay went to the Star saloon, and was sitting by the stove reading a newspaper, when Mr. E. W. Sprague and A. W. Sprague, his brother -- keepers of the saloon -- went out and left
him sitting there. They shortly afterwards heard the report of a pistol, and ran back to the saloon, where they found Mr. Fay still seated in the chair, with his head bent forward, the blood flowing freely from his head and his pistol lying in his lap. [sic]  +
=

     Cg21c June 6, 1879

     Mr. A.G. Mulkey started his milk delivery wagon last Wednesday morning. +

Col James Kinney, b.   [M. note.  Any connection is unknown with Major L. D. Kinney of later Coos fame.]

     Rev. Williams [colored], [brackets, sic] of Portland, preached in the M.E. church of this city, last evening. +

    The Marionettes did not have a full house on Wednesday evening, owing partly to the failure in coming in as advertised, and more to the "dollar" embargo. [sic] + [M. note:  Does this mean hard times, or the general scarcity of cash in early Oregon?]

wild strawberries coming in freely, sell 50 c gal; not quite as early or vine as usual, rains.

Last Tue Messrs. Bently & Motley put on their "Concord coach and four" between this place, Albany; road rather rough for it. however.

severe hail storm southern part Douglas co last wk; hail as large as eggs.

amount salmon canned and ready for market at Astoria will exceed 21 millions of dollars.

June l3, 1879

natl filler
     The average American parlor is not to be lived in. It is solely for “company.”  +
may be occasionally and respectfully gazed at. but no familiarities with furniture; chairs always on dress parade; never stray an inch fm places; books on table accurately and regimentally disposed; everything bears the impress of the last funeral; it is sad, solemn, often gloomy place. Front blinds never opened. Nfq  A dim, sepulchral light struggles through them ... If allowed to enter, he would cheer up matters and disperse some of the poison of dampness ... but he would fade the carpet. Health, cheer, light and even life, in the housekeeper’s estimation, are trifles when compared with the perpetuity of the colors    on her carpet ...  +

RR iron and rolling stock for lst 10-mi section Willamette Valley and Coast RR Co received SF, to be shipped immediately.

7th annual reunion of Oregon Pioneer Assn to be held St Fair grounds, near Salem, Tue-Wed, June 17-18, l879. [lists exercises to be held, pioneer hall, etc.]

It is reported l600 tickets been sold to Chinese at Hongkong for the next steamer to SF.

A few days ago a man on west side Whidby Island picked up a case of black walnut chairs, which drifted ashore from wreck of Great Republic, a distance 300 mi.

$5000 worth wheat destroyed by the late hail storm within a radius of 2 mi from Salem.

[A man attempted suicide by taking morphia [sic].]

Steamer A A McCully went up the river to Dayton, landed Miller & Church warehouse, took on 1000 bushels wheat.

June 20, 1879

letter from Capt Winant telling of his attendance at a board of Engineers for Pacific Coast meeting; comments on harbor of refuge. He says 2 coasting captains argued for Cape Arago [Coos Bay area] and 1 for Crescent city, but none were able to give info on Cape Foulweather. Nfq
    One captain who was advocating Coos Bay stated that during the winter of 1878 several vessels were seen off Coos Bay in distress, but that they could not enter, and no assistance could be rendered them. One he mentioned, in particular, the Lizzie Madison. The question was then asked, "What became of her?" And he answered, "She got into Yaquina Bay." To my mind this single fact was worth more, and ought to weigh more, in favor of Yaquina than all the arguments or the theories that could be offered.  +
Winant then said Yaquina Bay was probably only harbor on coast between Cape Flattery – SF that a small vessel could enter in heavy weather; and if channel deepened for larger vessels, whole problem of harbor of refuge would be settled; he expects that board may not overlook this idea. Nfq  [lengthy]
=

      CGcg21d June 20, 1879
a spicy letter fm Calif.  [M. note: spicy, here, seems always to mean only “newsy” and perhaps, “well-written”, rather than meaning used by some editors as gossipy or  provocative.]

     The Royal Marionettes and Comical Mannikins [sic] left several unpaid bills in this city. +

     The peripatetic [sic] mannikings [sic] and royal bilks rode out of town, but forgot to pay for that luxury. +

     All little girls who wish to represent a state or Territory on the Liberty Car , the coming Fourth, will meet at the court house, to-morrow, (Saturday) morning.  +  [Liberty car = a float in parade.]

     The anti-Chinese club of Lewisville, Polk county, is driving all the heathens from that neighborhood, and is doing missionary work in organizing branch clubs at different places.  +

June 27, 1879

Frank Pixley, gifted ed. SF Argonaut, one of most ably editited [as I typed it] papers of Calif, brief visit Oregon.  On our trip from Portland to Astoria ship made 20 mph per hour. [sic; M. note: doesn’t say knots], which is the fastest sailing we ever experienced. Columbia grandest and most picturesque of all the great rivers of world; Astoria is the Venice of the north, built into the waters of the Columbia, standing upon piles.  Portland, 20,000 inhabitants -- good inhabitants, that go to church, don't gamble in stocks, are a little slow and poky, but always sure and content with a steady, healthful, honest progress. More commercial bldgs now [being erected] at Portland than at SF. [brief description] Albany; Willamette navigable 100 mi or more, except at Oregon City, where locks are provided around a waterfall -- a fall which gives power to make great manufacturing city. Oregon a better state than Calif; better and more promising future; Oregon will in no distant time outnumber us in population. Oregon has escaped the greedy, black, speculative spider that stretches his web over the soil to steal and hold prisoner the industrious fool that comes to plow . . . it getting 10 immigrants to our one; taking industrious and working men away fm Calif. Nq

A MOVING SPECTACLE --ENGLAND'S QUEEN IN AMERICA. [A regiment of American volunteer soldiers doing honor to birthday of her majesty in the Canadian Dominion; rousing welcome. Observes that our country should be permitted to see and welcome England's Queen; Mr. Evarts [M. note: doesn't say who he is] could do no greater service to cause of liberty thruout world than to secure presence of her majesty in U.S.]    nq at all

Christian College, Monmouth, finished its 13th session in June; will be reopened Sept; grads of 1879; 8 members; 2 ladies and 2 men AB, remaining 4 gentlemen BS degrees.

Messrs. Young & Pulley just finished furnishing their new hotel, Occident Hotel, will open same for public lst of next week; hotel supplies need so long felt by Corvallis; new hotel one of most attractive places city, will furnish weary travelers or hungry citizens place where wants can be supplied.  nq at all

July

July 4, 1879

Perhaps building of little steam schooner, at Yaqina Bay, by Capt Lutjens, has called attention to other ship owners importance of our coasting trade.  In short time Capt Lutjens will have his new craft ready for sea; promises to be but opening wedge to commerce of the bay.
=

     CG21e July 4, 1879
     Rev. J. L. Parrish, who is familiar with the early history of Oregon, sends the following for publication:     The first white child born in Oregon was the son of the late Rev. Jason Lee, superintendent of the Oregon Methodist Mission -- born in June.1838.
     The second white child born in the Willamette valley, was the son of the late Alanson Beers [sic] -- born in September.1838.
     The third child born in the Willamette valley was the son of the late Dr. E. White -- born in 1838.  +
…fourth… was daughter of the late Silas Shepherd – born 1838.
The fifth white was daughter of the late David Leslie, at what is now town of Wheatland, Yamhill co; she now living Salem.The sixth was daughter of late Dr. E. White, born 1839.
…seventh… was daughter of the late Hamilton Campbell - 1840.…eighth… daughter of late Rev Leslie, at Wheatland, Yamhill co, Aug 1840.
…ninth… daughter of late Alanson Beers, Oct, l840.
…tenth… daughter of late Rev. Jason Lee, of Oregon Mission; Feb 1841; she now wife of Prof. F Grubbs.  nfq
     My reason for penning the above is the mistake in your notice of the death of our excellent and worthy friend, Mrs. Crawford, in the Oregonian of the 23d inst., as to her being the mother of the first white child born in Yamhill county. You will observe from the above that Mr. Leslie had two daughters born at what is now called Wheatland, in Yamhill county, before Mrs. C. was in Oregon. Mr. Leslie and wife were from Massachusetts.  +

     Another lot of dry sugar cured Beef, Leaf Sugar and Crystal Drip syrups, in cans. Mason's Fruit jars, just received, and very low, at RAY’S. +

100's chinamen being sent to front along lines of west side RR; advance camp begins vicinity of the Luckiamute, near S. end Polk co.  nq

[M. note.  No mention now about Indian wars; occasional references, not many, to Siletz reservation. Cape Foulweather or Yaquina still advocated as harbor-refuge; RR to Yaquina still played up; sometimes these 2 items occupy so much space little other news in paper, since front and back page are natl fillers.]

Cauthorn, finest raisins we ever had pleasure sampling; superior size, flavor; 75 c for 5 lb. box; warranted pure and
fresh,

[Belknap name mentioned several times.]

July 11,1879
A permanent organization of the Astoria and Winnemucca RR Co was effected in this city [Astoria]. Nfq?Thus we see this important enterprise fairly inaugurated, and we have an abiding faith that the work will not lag, but that the road will be built and stocked for business within two years. +
Congress has adjourned.  [federal]

Framework of new pavilion up at Fair ground, Salem.

Grant co. has 17 general stores, operated by white men, 4 water saw mills, 1 steam saw mill, 2 water grist mills, 1 water quartz mill, one in construction.

Roseburg Independent says full force workmen engaged in work quicksilver mines, furnace and retort being pushed; soon mining commence in earnest; mine about 9 miles east of Oakland [Oregon].  Nq
=
    CG21f  July 11, 1879

Prof McElroy [is mentioned in several papers]

July 18, 1879

A violin performance at New Market theater in Portland last week by the great artist Remenyl [sic], was distinctly heard by telephone at Oregon City -- distance 12 miles.

     Miss Jennie Bush of Grant's Pass, Southern Oregon, has started out as a Methodist preacher.  She is 19 years of age and is not well educated.  +

A man, while trying to "cut a caper” [quotes, sic] on horseback, fell. Nq

     If we grieve the Spirit of God by our lightness, worldliness, or presumption, we do but fill our own cup with wormwood and gall. +  [M. note.  In a list of several sayings.]

He jumped on board the railroad train,
And cried: "Farewell, Lucinda Jane,
My precious, sweet Lucinda!"
Alas! How soon he changed his cry, [no cap on how]
And while the tear stood in his eye,
He said: "Confound loose cinder!"  [M. note:  not signed or credited in any way.]

Contractor for extension west side RR, M T Ward, absconded [as I typed it] from Independence last Sat leaving unpaid bills of $20,000 - $30,000.  He collected S11,000 from company, told laborers their pay was awaiting them; then hired a
buggy and drove out of town; he may have taken train fm Albany to Portland; a clark, W H Bennett, kept office closed for 2 hours after Ward left, than opened and began paying men; had paid $1500 when discovered he was short; 8ennett closed the office, was later arrested, but gave bonds for his appearance.  Intense indignation against Ward by 200 men in his employ, if wages not paid they threaten to lynch Ward if he caught. Ward has a wife and family in Tacoma.   Nq at all.  [M. note.  Later note says Ward was captured at Tacoma.  See also July 25 item.]

]u1y 25, 1879

wool clip of Umpqua valley will sell for over $30,000; most already sold.

RR contractor M T Ward, who was arrested at Seattle W. T. [Washington Territory] last week, taken before Chief Justice Green, 0lympia, on habeas corpus and discharged Sat; Ward was arrested on civil warrant from Polk county,  Gov Thayer properly refused to issue a requisition and Ward's release was inevitable.  Nq  [M. 2009. Thayer was governor of W.T.]
=

August

CG21g  Aug 1, 1879

[AOUW= Ancient Order of UNITED WORKMEN.]

Judges Burnett, Kelsey, and Chenoweth been in Salem representing legal rights of Benton co in Supreme court.

     A young lady of this city, who was inattentive at whist, has broken off her engagement with her lover because he recommended her to "scoop her mind up in a peanut-shell and fix it on the game.”  +

Mrs. M A Russ, formerly Junction City, opened millinery store.

Col. T Egerton [sic] Hogg, still in Portland, unable to return because of rheumatism.

Jas McMurray, Benton county, invented strainer and steamer for cooking; made of cast iron, adjusts to size of kettle when used for steaming; whatever being cooked gets full benefit of heat; price, 75 c; now being mfg East Portland.
=

OT-Albany business  CG22  Aug 1, 1879
St Charles hotel Albany changed hands; Maj  Herron retiring, Mrs. Houck
taking his place.   nq

Racism/ethnic church? character saying  CG22  Aug 1, 1879
Sewing-bees [sic] will soon be in vogue, and at every meeting three or four
African heathen will be provided with clothes and the character of eighteen
citizens will be critically discussed. +   [M.  . Keep in mind the local anti-
Chinese, other, sentiment.  But maybe not among Christians!  ]  [M 2004.  But
missionary to the Chinese in Portland, CG 22 & 22a]

Aug 8, 1879

Agric crop Locale-  CG22  Aug 8, 1879
origin of plants: madder came from the East; celergy [as I typed it; means celery],
German; chestnut, Italy; onion, Egypt; tobacco, Virginia; nettle, Europe; citron, Greece;
pine from America; oats N.Africa; popy [sic], the East; rye, Siberia; parsley,
Sardinia; pear and apple, Europe; spinach, Arabia; sunflower, Pern [sic]; the
mulberry from Persia; gourd, East; walnut and peach, Persia; horse chestnut,
Ehibet [sic; =Thibet? (Tibet?)]; cucumber, East Indies; Quince, Island of Crete;
radish, China and Japan; peas, Egypt; horse radish, S. of Europe.

Srh- name-Hume  immigration home-seekers locale- condit?  CG 22  Aug 8, 1879 
difficulty of getting into [coastal] country no longer exists, as R. D. Hume has
placed a splendid steamer on the route, connecting  with the Oregon and
Pacific Coast Steamship Companies at Astoria, to all these points. Fare is
cheap, land is abundant, and plenty of people want it.  Let them come; and the
more the merrier.  [+ last 2 sentences.]  [M. note.  speaking of immigration.]  [M.
note: These points: Rogue R. was specifically mentioned; other coastal points alluded
to in general: fm Columbia R. to Rogue R.]

fruit crop condit Locale-CoosBay OT-SF  CG 22 Aug 8, 1879 
     Coos Bay imports peaches and fresh vegetables from San Francisco.  +

crop prices OT-Jacksonville  CG22  Aug 8, 1879 
Harvest wages $1.50 day in Jacksonville.  

Fruit locale-SouthernOregon  CG22 Aug 8, 1879  
wild blackberry crop more abundant southern Oregon than for many years.  

Utility? law OT-OregonCity [  ]  CG22 Aug 8, 1879
 8:45 fire bell at Oregon City warns all miners [as I typed it] to go home; at 9 rings
again when miners [as I typed it] who are out will be taken in by police. [M. 2009.  
It seems likely miners was sic; but evidently really means a curfew for "minors".]

RR-Outside OT-Albany  CG22 Aug 8, 1879
RR co to erect hotel at Albany, on site of late Comstock house [M note --
which had burned.]

Aug 15, 1879

Animal Racism/ethnic character OT-Dallas  CG22 Aug l5, 1879
Enthusiastic Chinese hater threw a sack of cats into the well of a Chinaman at
Dallas [OR.]  [M. note. not The Dalles.]   nq   

Crop condit? OT-Creswell  CG 22 Aug 15, 1879
little spring grain in Creswell will be fit to market; the scourge seems more
general, yet some localities harder hit.

Srh- Srh-harbor-refuge govt  CG22  Aug 15, 1879
members Bd of Engineers have completed work of observation; nothing
definite known of conclusions on harbor-refuge.
Some significance was attached to the fact that after having examined all the
various points along the coast, the board ordered that Lieut. Payson make a
survey of Coos Bay.  This does not indicate that the harbor of. refuge will be
built at that point, as Congress at its last session made an appropriation for the
improvement of Coos Bay, and Lieut. Payson’s duties are in connection with
that appropriation.   [ +  except first line]

Aug 22,1879

novelty-brick business condit-progress OT-McMinnville  CG 22  Aug 22, 1879
300,000 brick just burned at McMinnville; demand in that section for all kinds
bldg material good.  

Aug 29,1879

Church racism/ethnic locale- Tot-Empire OT-  CG 22 Aug 29, 1879
annual conference M E church for Oregon, convened Portland, Bishop Haven
presiding, lists pastors, districts. Missionary to the Chinese, Portland district,
Wm Roberts. Eugene City District, J S McCain, PE.  
Roseburg  N A Star;  Empire City, to be supplied.  [M. note: doesn't mention
Coquille; prob. Circuit rider.]   Puget Sound district.  D L Spaulding. White river.  
J Goodpasture, Ferndale.   Sam'l  M Driver transferred to Columbia R. conference. 
=

September

September 9, 1879

[not keyworded yet]
CG22b
     The Astorian of the 29th ult., has the following remarks relative to the quality of coal found on the North Pacific coast. That's right Bro. Ireland, [sic] [M. note. Apparently editor of the Astorian] when we have the best quality of coals, say so:
     In speaking of the coals of the North Pacific coast, they have usually been called lignites, to be distinguished from the coals of the carboniferous period of Ohio, Illinois, Pennsylvania and Great Britain. The word lignite implies that the coal is of a woody origin. The name, however, is an unfortunate one, as it is now proven that the coals called lignites are not formed from wood to any greater extent than are the coals of the carboniferous period. It is also customary to speak of them as inferior coals. This is also a mistaken idea, in the main. For coals of every quality and fit for all uses can be found in the so-called lignite coals of the North Pacific. Here [sic]are good gas coals in Vancouver Island, good grate and parlor coals at Mount Diablo, and good blacksmith coals at Wilkinson. Here too we find also bituminous, semi-bituminous, and even anthracite coals. All in the same lignitic [sic] period. Here, too, within twenty-three miles of Astoria, [sic] south we find large veins of coal fully as good as the Sydney coals for steaming, [sic] and better than Seattle or Coos bay for grate and parlor use. The word lignite is too poor a name for these coals, especially of this quality; and in future [sic] we shall speak of them by their right name -- coals, of the best quality.  [M. note: this paragraph is in smaller type than first paragraph or other text.]

R A Habersham, U S Engineer in charge of the coast surveys now in progress at Alsea Bay and mouth of Umpqua River.

     Some large grey wolves chased Mr. Jas. Dillard at Steamboat Springs, Douglas county,
last week and made him climb a tree for safety. +

[F A Chenoweth mentioned fm time to time in papers.]  [M. note:  Or at least name
Chenoweth; don't remember if always same one.]

little steam launch, Eureka, still making regular trips in connection with Yaquina stage; new propeller ordered to take place of one lost overboard.

the grand Applegate mining company running 2 sets hands, giant playing night and day
against 30 ft of bank which prospects 5 c - $2 to the pan from top down; at rate of 50
to pan company should take out $50,000 this month; veritable bonanza struck; opinion
of experienced miners company has tapped the great pay streak found in early days
of mining that section, afterwards lost. (fm Ashland Tidings)

EAD’S ISTHMUS TRANSIT. [sic]  [head]
     Captain Ede’s [sic] scheme of carrying steamers across the isthmus of Darien on baggage cars meets with sharp criticism and ridicule wherever it is examined. Says the New York Times”
     His plan really looks feasible in many respects, but he forgets that the reputation of the men who handle baggage on American railways is such that no ship-owner will consent to trust his vessel in their hands. [sic]  We know what would happen to a British steamer that might incautiously [sic] be sent over Mr. Eads' [sic] railway. The expressmen, after checking the steamer, would drag her over the platform, damaging her against every available object, and would finally throw her into the baggage car, where they would crush her deck in [sic] by piling heavy tea ships [print] upon her. On arrival at Panama, the unfortunate British steamer would be pitched out on the platform, where her unhappy captain would find her with a dozen holes stove in her hull, and with masts and funnel completely carried away.  Of course, if he had put a nice leather strap around her to keep her together, it would have disappeared during the journey.  +
=

Cg22c Sept 12, 1879

State University, Eugene City, will open 15th. 

Lake Labash [sic; prob. = Labish], Marion co, supposed to contain bones of many wild animals.

RR co put up real nice depot bldg at Shedd's station, 26x40.

Sept 19, 1879

ED. GAZETTE: --Some time since the citizens of Lower Alsea sent to agent Swan, at Siletz, a numerously signed [sic] petition requesting him to visit the Bay and confer with them in regard to removing straggling Indians to the agency. In response to the petition, Mr. Swan came and held a pow-wow with his dusky wards, but was careful to avoid giving a definite answer as to what he intended to do in the premises. Several of these Indians are holding valuable land claims, which they are not entitled to, as they have not, and can not comply with the law. If they were removed to the agency, where they belong, the land would be taken by white settlers, who would assist in building roads, establishing schools, and otherwise contribute to the prosperity of the country. The residents of Alsea think that as the government has generously provided for the keeping of these Indians, they should be taken to the reservation, and we shall anxiously await agent Swan's decision.    [signed] Boston. Alsea Bay, Sept. 13. +

excellent peaches produced this year near Eugene city

Coquille Jack, an Indian, died Wednesday near Junction City, supposed [sic] to
have been poisoned by another Siwash. +

Columbia River Conference of ME Ch S annual session at Albany, Bishop Kenner presiding.

Sept 26, 1879

     The beach mines along the Oregon coast, although worked with varying success for some years past, seem to be inexhaustible; [sic] but the gold is so fine that it is very difficult to save. Along the coast, in this county, several claims are paying good wages, even with the inadequate means of saving the precious metal now in use. With proper means of saving the fine gold, our beach mining would become an important branch of industry in this county.
     In the Oregonian of recent date we find a Washington dispatch of the 17th inst., containing an opinion of Acting Commissioner Armstrong on the subject of titles to beach mines, which may be of interest to persons engaged in that business, as follows:
     Acting Commissioner Armstrong of the general land office has informed the U.S. surveyor general at Portland, Oregon, that no mines lying below high water mark on the ocean beach can be disposed of under U.S. law.  +  [M. note: this paragraph is in smaller type.] [M. 2009.  “this county” – which county is meant?  Did Benton county then reach to the sea?]

Rosebug Plaindealer of last week contains account of flight of Dr. J L Cozad, physician who had large practice various parts Douglas co for last few years. It said he committed murder in Missouri several years ago; officers were on track and he fled to escape them.

October

Oct 3, 1879

Columbia annual conference of ME Ch S, Bishop Keener presiding, convened Albany. Willamette District; Jacksonville District, JRN [sic] Bell, PE; Coquille Circuit, to be supplied.  Walla Walla district.

Oct 10,1879
=

Oct 17, l879

Entertain item-household [ ] misc-word  CG23 Oct 17, 1879 
[head says china wedding; it’s abt surprise party for Prof  Jos Emery and his
estimable wife, 20th wedding anniversary, and conspicuous among gifts was a
magnificent china dinner set, joint present from lg number of friends. ]

mail Locale- Srh-  CG23 Oct 17, 1879
mail routes down Alsea river to Tidewater, and one fm Gardner [sic] City,
in Douglas co, to Collins, Benton co, established; contractors making regular
trips..

Fair agric [??]  CG23 Oct 17,1879
The Annual Exhibition of Oregon State Agricultural Society, for 1879, is a
thing of the past, not success any point of view; not fault mgrs or the dear
people; former were lavish in efforts to please, latter in condition to be
pleased, money not as scarce as on former occasions, and no pains spared to
make event long to be remembered; no one present will forget the trials and
tribulations contended with; true to natural interests, average Oregonian with
ghastly smile insisted such weather good for the webs, and that a State Fair
would not amt to much if didn’t rain; but under forced cheerfulness, noticing
spirit of patient resignation. [comment that those who complain hardest those
who will return year after year] Salemites, who return home at night, worn
completely out, and vowing up hill and down, that that is the last day they will
attend the State Fair, are fortunate enough to secure a good night’s rest and on
the morning following will be just as crazy as ever to go out to the grounds. 
Pavillion constantly crowded; when one tired of monotony surrounding it,
bracing up, would avail self of moment’s sunshine and start for spin around
block to be overtaken by storm before 1st corner was turned, compelled to
again accept shelter of friendly pavilion, race track in fearful condition; no
estimates could be made of animal's speed; many races in the mud, often in
midst of brisk shower, horses stand at judges stand in filth; races liberally
attended, purses: Sunday running race free for all, single mile dash $100.
trotting match, mile heats, 3 - 5, purse $250, open for horse, mare or
gelding tt have not beat 3:10.  [lengthy more.]  [M. was there a St. fair at
Salem in Sept and one in Corvallis in Oct? or???]

Oct 24,1879

natl govt visit OT-Portland  CG23 Oct 24, 1879  
[lengthy comments on Gen U S Grant’s visit to Portland.]

OT-Albany music organiz  CG23 Oct 24, 1879  
Albany Cornet Band, new organization of musical youths, Albany.  

paper CG23 Oct 24, 1879 
The East Oregonian, Turner & Bishop, Mr. Bishop having bought out G. M. Bull.    

OT-Albany business misc-word  CG 23 Oct 24, 1879 
 Revere House, Albany, Pfieffer Bros propietors ;“square” meal and an A 1 bed.

Oct 31,1879 --
Nov 7,1879--

Nov 14,1879

Srh-boat Srh-river OT-Corvallis OT-Albany climate  CG23 Nov 14, 1879 
little stmr Nellie, which been making daily trips between Corvallis-Albany,
made her last trip for present; as river high enough for larger boats to run.
=
[not keyworded yet]

CG23a
The Corvallis sawmill has taken contract to furnish 35,000 ft lbr trimmed for the new depot;
looks like business.

J Lomer [sic], the popular architect has bought into Occidental Hotel at Corvallis; firm now Lomer & Polly. Mr Lomer popular young man and will make splendid hotel keeper.

During past week quite a change occurred in proprietorship of the Plummer fruit dryer, this valley; company formed: Wallis Nash, Mr Reelman.of the English colony at Corvallis, and Nathan Whealdon [as I typed it] of Benton co; they bought the mfg right of the drier in this co fm Jones & Sill, and also purchased the Benton and Lane co rights. Next season they will put out canvassers and introduce great many driers thruout 3-co.  and our people will be able to save their fruit crops; Mr Sill employed by company and will engage in canvas next spring. Heretofore been difficulty finding ready market for the dried fruit. but this now be remedied. The new co. has rented the old Alden fruit dryer this city, will buy all the fruit offered for sale and store at that place, after which will be shipped direct to England. --AlbanyDemocrat.  Nfq

Nov 21, 1879

Bal [sic] Masque Oyster Supper will be served at Coffee House Restaurant this eve, for all;
50 c; 1.00 per couple.

At 8 oclock last Fri evening, the new Occident hotel; fire origin in washhouse adjoining hotel,
got well under way before discovery; subduing of fire but a few moments work. origin of fire unknown, as there no fire in wash house since 2:00 afternoon.  Loss will be $1000 from water damage and rough handling of furniture; some trying to "help" threw mirrors, wash bowls and other articles from windows. and removed furniture and goods when no need to.  suggests way
to stop this is to have city council organize special fire police to instruct everyone how to act.  almost providential that the new cistern, near the Occidental, was complete; few weeks ago the greater portion of city would prob. have gone up in ashes; announcing also the need for 500 ft more of new hose to reach outward fm cistern.

Willamette University has abt 120 students in attendance.

another vein of coal, 2 ft thick.found in Nehalem valley.

Albany soon to have a brass band for young ladies.

Nov 28

Chase's Survey confirmed; entrance to Yaquina all right, no sand bar, only soft rock to remove; 1868, Lieut. Chase, U S Coast Survey; upheld by further tests. [M. note: shows paper-cut of rooster, no doubt implying they have something to crow about concerning harbor of refuge.]
=

CG23b

     Quite a number of beach claims are successfully worked, on the western border of Benton county.  Some of them, with the indifferent modes now in use for saving gold, pay very well; many of them would be fabulously rich, if some more perfect means of saving fine gold could be successfully employed.
     All along our coast line, from the northern to the extreme southern line of our county, black sand is found in almost inexhaustible quantities, which is wonderfully rich in fine, pure gold, but which is exceedingly difficult, and with present appliances almost impossible, to save. [commas, sic.]  The following, clipped from an exchange, if true, might be of incalculable benefit to our coast miners, Benton county, and the state at large:
     A sample of black sand, such as is usually found in connection with gold, and of which there are thousands upon thousands of tons on our beach, generally supposed by our miners to be next to worthless, was forwarded to Edison, the great inventor. A careful analysis by some newly discovered method of Edison's, shows the apparently worthless sand to contain gold to the amount of $652 per ton. What the new process is, is not stated, but if it can be made to work there is gold enough in the sand on the ocean beach that can be taken out sufficient to pay the  national debt.  +
=
     
Health-contag  CG24 Nov 28, 1879  scarlet fever, Prof Powell's  family. 

RR-Outside  CG24 Nov 28, 1879
 grading of West Side RR to be completed this wk; the last short gap is now
being closed.

Church OT-Corvallis  CG24 Nov 28, 1879  
protracted mtg at ME church, Corvallis; Rev J S McCain assisting pastor.

Name-Dolph RR-outside OT-Portland OT-Corvallis  CG24  Nov 28, 1879
 C Dolph, Esq, atty, Portland, in Corvallis looking after RR business.

holiday Xmas OT-Corvallis misc-word polar wave, hyperborean 
CG24 Nov 28, 1879
     Old Santa Claus took advantage of the late polar wave, and came direct from
his hyperborean [sic] home to H.E. Harris', where he deposited a great
variety of novelties. +

Fruit name-Nash OT-Corvallis business [  ] CG24 Nov 28, 1879
Corvallis Fruit Company; Wallis Nash, letters fm England, demand for
shipping apples to England (dried fruit); Mr Geo Sill, agent.    

Entertain dance utility OT-Corvallis prices  CG24 Nov 28, 1879
     The grand Bal Masque given by Corvallis H. & L. Co. [M. note: Hook and
Ladder Co], last Friday night, was a grand success, financially and otherwise --
netting fifty-four dollars .  +

Invention photo OT-Corvallis school? misc-word  CG24 Nov 28, 1879
     Chemistry triumphant -- by its aid photographs are taken in dull weather as
good as when the sun is bright, at the Corvallis gallery. The proprietor has
room for a few pupils -- terms moderate. +

Srh- health-accid  CG24 Nov 28, 1879
the stmr Occident, when a few mi below the city, last Tue morn, blew out
water gage; portion struck deck hand over eye, causing ugly flesh wound.

Dec 5, 1879

Lhc OT-Corvallis business enterprise RR-outside school home-seekers prices lbr mill
condit-progress  CG24 Dec 5, 1879
[lengthy descr of Corvallis at present, RR, trade and industry, school, price of
land fm $1.25 to $2.50 an acre; improved lands between eastern boundary and
coast range fm $100 - $10 an acre, average $l0-25; lumber and sawmills, etc.]

Dec 12, 1879--

Dec 19,1879

holiday Xmas entertain item- church school misc-word?  CG24 Dec 19, 1879
     CHRISTMAS. --The usual preparations seem to be making for the due
observance of this time honored [ sic; no hyphen] festival in Corvallis.
From present indications there will be no lack of toys, candies, etc., for the
"little ones", and elegant presents for the older ones, and there seems to be a
general inclination to have a real old fashioned [sic; no hyphen], good time
Christmas holiday.  We hear of several Christmas trees, public and private.
There will be trees, properly decorated and laden with presents, on Christmas
Eve, at the Episcopal Chapel, and Evangelical and Methodist Churches, for
the different Sabbath Schools. It is the intention of the managers of these trees
to have a present for every child in attendance at the various schools. The
parents, when able, are expected to furnish presents for their children.  +

Dec 26,1879

Paper misc-word travel transport road mud climate [  ] Lhc Locale- OT  
CG24-25  Dec 26, 1879
     ED. GAZETTE: I wish to express in this letter to you, my respect for the
Gazette, for I do consider it one of the purest and best secular county papers in
the state, and it always receives a welcome at my house.
     Well, I have been in the saddle again, from Drain's to Elkton, thence to
Scottsburg.
     Scottsburg is a small village of about fifty inhabitants. It has two stores,
one saloon, a tavern, warehouse and a grist mill. It presents but little business
or enterprise. There is no church building or church organization in it. There
is, however, an old, dilapidated school house. This place is at the head of tide,
on the Umpqua bay. There is no wagon road from here to the mouth, nor can
there be one. The shore is lined with rugged mountains, towering up almost
perpendicular, from one to two thousand feet high. I took steamer passage here
for Gardiner, 20 miles distant. The scenery all the way is wild and romantic.
     Gardiner is a village of about one hundred and fifty inhabitants. It boasts of
two stores, four saloons, but no church building or organization. The school
house serves for a church building. It has a Masonic hall over the school
room. This is a lumbering town: there are two large sawmills here, and nearly
all the inhabitants are interested in them. Those mills do an immense business.
This place is ten miles above the mouth of the bay. From here I started for
home again, for a heavy storm of rain made me apprehensive about high
water. I succeeded in reaching Elkton, and there my progress was intercepted
by the flood having carried away all the bridges on my route, two of which
must have cost Douglas county from six to eight thousand dollars.
     The roads are torn to pieces, and the bridges gone, all over this country, so
that travel, except by railroad is suppended. My only chance, therefore to get
home, was to secure a guide to take me across the mountain trail to the
railroad. We started at daylight, and for three hours it was up and down one
steep spur after another. Then we started up the steepest spur of the Calipooia
mountains.  A very considerable part of the way we could not ride. I would
start my pony up the trail, having hold of his halter and tail, (now,  Mr. Editor,
don't laugh, for it was a serious matter to me), and in this manner we got to the
top of the mountain.  After traveling, as we thought, about twenty miles, we
commenced the descent, and this was more tedious, hard and dangerous than
the ascent. But we finally reached the railroad, and found ourselves about nine
miles from Drain's but our way was then an open road, and we brought up at
Drain's by night.
     In Drain's half of the families had to move out of their houses, the flood was
so high in Pass creek. So you see that others have had trouble besides the poor
wayfarer.  [M. on new line:]
Drain's, Dec. 15, 1879.  TRAVELER.   +
=

Dec 26, 1879

Agric organiz fair holiday-4th-July  CG26 Dec 26, 1879 
State Agricultural Soc. met; time of fair fixed to commence Thur July 1 and
close Thur July 8; mon July 5 will be grand celebration of national anniversary.
[ M. note.  not clear whether they are moving date up for good, or whether they
had summer fair for summer produce, and later one for winter goods.]
=


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