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Corvallis Gazette   Corvallis, Or.
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paper  CG 26 Jan 2, 1880  New Year's Number.

OT-Corvallis Locale RR-other Srh- Lhc history  CG26-27 Jan 2, 1880
waterfront, City of Corvallis:
[planing?; illegible] mill and door end sash factory, worked by   W.M. Pitman.  2
wheat warehouses belonging to Cauthorn, together storage capacity 150,000 bu.
2 steamboat warehouses, where river steamboats land and take up passengers,
freight, 9 mo. year; intermission of 3 mo during summer. The Alden Fruit House,
now partly occupied as a packing house by Corvallis Fruit Company, which owns
the Plummer patents for fruit dryers for counties of Benton, Linn, Lane.
The Corvallis Saw Mills; extensive mills, capacity 18,000 ft lbr per day, also
planing machinery. The Corvallis Flour Mills, above town on banks Willamette,
supplied with fine head of water fm the Mary's river, rapidly increasing
repuration [sic; prob = reputation]; mill has 4 run of stones and its brand of
flour well known and esteemed.
Corvallis Flour Company; after careful inquiry of many localities Messrs.
Belknap and Kitton located Corvallis; rapid increase of business; and
provision of a good iron foundry, with all modern plant and fittings and all
apparatus necessary for both constr. and repairs of agric. implements and
machinery proved great advantage to town, district.  The Main street of town
well supplied with stores and business houses, most of long established credit;
but last yr several new competitors for public favor. Beginning at the North
end and on the West side of Second Street, the New England Hotel; house
kept by Dr. and Mrs Vincent enjoys great repute for excellence of cuisine,
kindliness of host and hostess.       Next stands the New Palace market, Nick
Bacson; best of meat -- outside is generally a coop of poultry proclaiming
loudly, kill and eat.     We then come to fine new grocery store Messrs. John
Ray & Son; new brick bldg stimulated props into enlarging stock; almost
imposs to demand anything in their line of business without its being at once
forthcoming.  Crossing the next street we find at corner the store of Mr Max
Friendly; one largely patronized by farming friends, who desire to find
collected under one roof all necessaries and many luxuries which supply
needs away on the prairie.     Messrs. Allen & Woodward well filled drug
store, books, stationery, all other varieties usually sold establ. of their nature.
     Next we come to store of Messrs. Stock & Co, dlrs genr'l mchdz, long
established in city.    Passing Carlile's [sic] store of cigars, tobacco, candies,
notions, with billiard room in rear, we come to the barber shop of T J Bulford:
the spot where many congregate almost every afternoon, sitting around stove;
besides privilege of gossip enjoyed every barber shop thruout world, friend
Tom has made it headquarters of Benton Co Sporting Club; members drop in
at odd moments, even if hair or beard needs no attention, sure of hearing full
particulars on match hunts, glass ball shooting, base ball and cricket matches,
according to season.
Passing on and noticing new furniture store opened this yr, M P Weber; full
selection chairs, tables, mattresses ,consoles, bureaus in foreign end native
woods, we come to the Household store; recent in origin, but proprietor studying
public convenience in variety of grocery goods, cigars, tobacco, wines and
liquors in bottle, and in moderation of their price list.    Passing Centennial
Market Messrs. I Taylor & Son, with full assortments of all kinds, that exhibit
alike the suitableness of Or. climate to full devel. of sheep, cattle and pigs, and
skill of butcher, we come to genr'l store of Mr Blumberg; specialty in assortment
of skins generally displayed; oftentime huge pair elk antlers stands outside this store,
proving there are bold and persevering hunters still to be found Benton co.   We must
not forget Mr Rosenthal, another store general mchdz all sorts.  Crossing the
side street reach new block of bldg just erected by Messrs Jacobs & Neugass  
for their store, and Messrs Hamilton & Co for their Bank; this block,
handsome ground floor, well lighted offices above, speaks well of rapid devel
of trade of town. Next to bank comes drug store of Messrs Goldson &
Craham. neat bldg with fine display divers [sic] colored bottles invites
passer-by to enter, and apply for medicine for imaginary ills.   Passing iron
and tin ware store of Mr Webber, with large assortment stoves and kitchen
furniture, we pass meat market, Mr. Scrafford. Messrs. Jacob & Neugass
[print] old store adjoining, however convenient in times past, looks now but ill
adapted to contain their varied stock of dry goods and gnrl mchdz. After
looking in at the Bakery with inviting array cakes, candies, bread, canned
goods and special stock of toys and notions for benefit of young folks, we
come to the watchmakers; Mr Greifoz sell you brand new clock or put in good
order your old favorite. Next we come to Mr Lock, boot and shoe maker;
ready made goods or measure for pair of home mfg.       We invited to enter
adjoining spacious hardware store Messrs Woodcock & Baldwin; hardly
article in their line cannot produce at minute's notice; fitting shop well equip.
with tools, larqe warehouse filled with agric. machinery.   Adjoining is drug
store of Messrs Graham & Hamilton, larqe stock drugs and medicines,
assortment books, stationery, window glass, wall paper. The Bank of Messrs
W B Hamilton & Co originated in a portion of this store, but rapidly
increasing husiness demanded to now brick bldg.
     We look in at genrl store Mr Harris, lg stock mchdz all descr, glance at
tastefully dressed millinery window of Mrs Kelly's dressmaking establish and
shortly come to store of Messrs A Cauthorn & Son, large number customers
for general store; also Mr T E Cauthorn delop large business in agric. machinery. 
      Beyond Mr Harris we find attractive show of Mrs E K Rinker in hair work
of all devices.  Mr. Ira Miller, sculptor and stone mason is never without
useful and delicate work in monuments or chimney pieces.  One of old establ.
boot and shoe makers is Mr D B Irvin, esp. home mfg.       At other end of
town we find another bootmaker, Mr H Mann's, who is always hard at work;
we cannot stay to notice in detail 3 forges and blacksmith shops on the other
side of rd, and also carriage bldg and repairing factory of Mr Horning; But
returning along the east side of the Main st, we pass one or two attorneys
office and dentist's parlors, and millinery and dry goods stores and look in at
Messrs Drame [as I typed it] and Crant's, the tailors; stay here 'cause sure of
seat by stove and good chat on travel, wild adventures in the lone north land
before anchored himself Corvallis. This side of rd gives us choice in saddlery
and harness; either Mr St Clair's or at Mr Hemphill's, customer sure of
honestly made goods and moderate prices. After passing old establ hotel of
Mrs Haskins, we reach the Occidental, kept by Mrs Polley [sic].  This hotel
seems always full; recently erected, dining room with long rows tables well
furnished with guests, lively scene meal times, Corvallis boasts excellent
livery and feed stables, Sol King, who adds to this business by the many
duties of Sheriff of county; no one grumbles at a poor carriage or mean horse,
who hires fm Sol.
After passing another forge and shoeing shop, come to Mr Knight's furniture store;
excellent workman; customer can select from goods made at distance or home
mfg; we advise the latter.  Mr. Hodes, gunmaker, well known tradesman, all thru
fall and winter months enough to do to measure out all powder and shot and repair
guns ardent sportsmen need.
Several saloons and one brewery.  Out by depot of the West Side Railroad on
Sixth st stands new warehouse of W A Wells; 130,000 bu. wheat stored; long
strings wagons seen piling their sacks of grain.  Town extends away east to Eighth st
with long rows neat dwellings, many new, all occupied.  Just off the Main st are
Eg1in's livery stables, where also good and handsome carriages and teams.
Several Chinese wash-houses and one white laundry and many other stores and
work shops.  Town well supplied with both doctors, dentists, and attorneys. 
Corvallis is one of the many towns which wait long for RR develop, but when
comes, move rapidly onward in path of progress.
possesses a convenient court house, a small and rarely tenanted jail, good city
hall; with a pretty and healthful situation and every advantage for business,
ought to and we believe will speedily attract largely increased population.

school church OT-Corvallis agric history  CG28 Jan 2, 1880
Corvallis College, organized 1864 by methodist Episc church, South, Hon B F
Burch being instrumental in its establ; Prof Wm A Finley 1st prexy; he came
in 1865. Prof Joseph Emery, still teacher at college, appointed 1867, tchr
continuously ever since; but upon designation of this institution by the State as
its Agricultural College, the bd of Trustees was reorganized, and all
distinctive denominational features, if it ever had any, disappeared entirely.
law provides for free tuition of 60 young men over 16 yrs old, may secure
appointment to scholarship by applying to State Senator for district they
reside; lists tchrs, divisions of classes and subjects.   [M. 2005.  Is this part of
article above or separate item?]

Jan 2,1880

History Lhc Srh- racism/ethnic Locale- [  ] saying  CG 28-29 Jan 2, 1880 
earlier history of Yaquina bay, Capt Hillyar, schr Cornelia Terry entered
bay For oysters,1864; soon after Capt J J Winant came with schnr Anna G.
Doyle; capt Winant leased entire business, paying 15 cts per bushel for all
oysters taken [from Indian reservation].  Oyster business attracted attention,
wagon rd built to tide water; pressure strong, Indian Dept conceded the
people's claim [for settling];  U S Senator Nesmith succeeded in having all that
part of Coast Reservation between Alsea river south and Cape Foulweather
north of Yaquina Bay opened for settlement.  Jan 1866, first settlers founded
site to be Premier sawmill.
     [writer was a soldier stationed there.]
     The writer had a hankering after town sites, and knowing Portland "got the
start" by being located where the "ships and wagons could meet," naturally
looked upon head of navigation, now Elk City, as the point.  I remember well
the chilly east wind, the grey of the extremely frosty morning, the melancholy
chant of four Indians paddling the canoe, and the satisfaction Mr. Copeland
and myself enjoyed, believing we were a little ahead of any one [sic] else.  
Muffled up and seated in the bow of the canoe, we laid off the townsite in wide
streets, planted shade trees, and made comfortable provision for parks and
fountains, for we were in a liberal mood.
     The "sweet bye and bye" came when we were to land and proclaim
ownership to the coveted prize. On reaching the top of the bank we found a
man dressed, or rather undressed, for he had on nothing but a belt and a pistol.
He was trying to kindle a fire, evidently having just arrived. To the question,
"how long have you been here," He said: "Long enough to hold the ground."
The fellow's language was more forcible than elegant, and we concluded town
sites were poor property anyhow.
     Passing down the bay that day, Jan 8,1866, every man we met was moving
up or down, or across the river. Each one seemed possessed of a valuable
secret.  Every man took a claim and some two.  J.W. walked into Coquelle
John's hut, on Coquelle Point, informed Lo "with the untutored mind" [sic]
that the land belonged to the whites, hustled the Indian out, seated himself on
a soap box by the fire.  In less than an hour Capt. Sol. Dodge came along,
gave J.W. $80 for his chance. J.W. pocketed the money, jumped into his
canoe and soon had another claim. "On this day I have took the present site of
Newport."  The day following the valley folks began to arrive, mad with
excitement.  Claims changed hands rapidly. Money was very plenty and
speculation ran high.
    1st school house built on Wm Graham's land. 1st schooner, "Flora
Maybell," built by Peck & Co. 1st stmr, "Oneatta," built by Kellogg Bros; Dr
Geo Kellogg ran the 1st steamer, that old "Pioneer" on the bay; lst school
taught on the bay on South Beach, by T J Griggs, now supt schools Marion co.
    1st sermon I remember hearing, Rev Callison, his audience seated on
the drift woods opposite present site of Newport.
     Here was held the first 4th of July celebration. Hon. Richard Williams read
the Declaration of Independence. Judges C----h and K----y, each delivered an
oration.  [M.  must refer to Chenoweth, Kelsay.] These gentle men were
anxious to please the sovereigns of the bay, who in those days held the
balance of political power. The people and the time had arrived, and Judge
K----y was nervous and wanted to begin; wished some one [sic] to call
the assembly to order. Full of youthful conceit, I had taken a position to be
admired by the populace, when Judge K--- came up excitedly and said, "man,
jerusalem, get your bell or drum and make a noise, don't you see." Some
practical joker had told the Judge it was my business to post bills and ring
bells on all public occasions. It is proper to say both orators did well. The
battles of the revolution were fought out in scrupulous detail, and the young
heart fired with patriotic enthusiasm.
      1st stage line run by Kit Abbey, followed by Frank Stanton's Express; by
this line we received, sent letters 10 c ea; now we have a tri-weekly U S Mail.
     The certainty of improvement on the bay, and the completion of the
Oregon Pacific R.R. gives encouragement and forecasts a bright and
prosperous future for Benton county.  [signed.]  Rialto.

Jan 9, 1880 --

Jan 16, 1880

Climate history Lhc pioneer-indir OT-  CG 29 Jan 16, 1880
most fearful wind storm that has visited this state since occupation by whites,
occured last Fri, 9th; greatest losses in Portland.  Loss of property there
$75,000.  East Portland, Salem, other.  Corvallis.  Yaquina.  [M. no notes abt
S. end of state.]

Racism/ethnic condit govt OT-Alsea OT-Siletz?  CG 29 Jan 16, 1880  
serious charges abt way Indians Alsea treated by white officials.

Jan 23,1880

RR-other paper-cut OT-  CG29 Jan 23, 1880
OCRR to Corvallis; 3 cheers for Westside. last Mon afternoon 1st construction
train of Oregon Central RR co entered corporate limits of the "Heart of the Valley"
[Corvallis]. [paper-cut of old locomotive.]

Jan 30,1880

Feb 6, 1880

geol-rock Srh- Locale-CoosBay prices CG29 Feb 6, 1880
      The contract for quarrying and delivering the rock for the Coos Bay harbor
work has been awarded to H. H. Luse at $32 per cubic yard. +

name-Hume fish enterprise OT-Astoria  CG29  Feb 6, 1880
    Mr. Geo. W. Hume has disposed of his interest in the late Hume & Duncan
cannery, on Capt. Flavel's dock at Astoria, to the West Coast Packing
Company, now building a new cannery near Upper Astoria.  +

Feb l3, 1880, Feb 20, 1880 ---
Feb 27, 1880
name-Hume fish enterprise invention machine  CG29 Feb 27, 1880
R D Hume, John West, perfected a model machine for filling cans with fish.    

OT-Ashland novelty-woolen  CG29 Feb 27, 1880  
Ashland's woolen mills will use 100,000 lbs wool this year; only 30,000 last yr.

Mar 5, Mar 12, 1880 ---

Mar 19,1880

Health-death Srh- saying  CG29 Mar 19, 1880
dead body W A Scott, Port Orford, Curry co, found on beach abt 4 mi below
Bandon; apparently lain down, chilled to death; 63 yrs; lived lonely life
among the hills.   

Other-mining Locale-  CG29 Mar 19, 1880 
New mines discovered on West Cow creek that promise well.  

road OT-CrescentCity  CG29 Mar 19, 1880  
Crescent city wagon rd enterprise again being agitated.
name-Hermann health interest Locale- [wilderness] misc-word  CG  Mar 19, 1880
     Mr. B. Herman [sic] of Roseburg, while crossing the Umpqua mountains
last week, became lost and wandered about suffering intensely from cold for
severa1 hours in the night. By the thoughtfulness of his wife who had slipped
a candle and matches in his saddle-bags, he was saved the horror of passing a
wretched and lonely night in the mountain fastnesses [sic], or perhaps
rescued from death itself.  By the light of the candle he was enabled to find his
way back to the right road and to hospitable shelter for himself and horse.  +

Judge court  CG30 Mar 19, 1880 
Judges Kelsay, Burnett, been at supreme court this wk. 

Paper character literary arts Locale- saying  CG30 Mar 19, 1880
W A McPherson, Josephine co, may take ed. charge of Salem Statesman; one
of most graceful and forcible writers in this state.

Mar 26,1880

Paper OT-Roseburg condit-progress  CG30 Mar 26, 1880
Roseburg Plaindealer has purchased new press; outlay occasioned by increased
circulation; Bro. Byars.  

Health-contag OT-WallaWallaWA  CG30 Mar 26, 1880  
Diptheria prevalent, Walla Walla. 

Crime RR-outside [  ] characte? rmisc-saying?  CG30 Mar 26, 1880
 M T Ward, the absconding Oregon RR contractor been paying his addresses
to young lady British Columbia, representing he single man of means. Came
near marrying, her father looked into his past history; now Ward is anxious to
find new fields in which to display talents of love-making. nq at all


Apr 2, 1880

name-Mulkey politic character? misc-saying?  CG30 Apr2, 1880
Letter fm A G Mulkey, his name appeared as candidate for Greenback party;
he says he hasn't acted for that party, not sufficiently strong in that faith to be

[ M. note.   more issues of paper are on that microfilm]

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