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Historical Newspapers    Oregon

The following items were selected and transcribed from microfilm by Marilee Miller.
This is not a comprehensive list of news items.

Please read explanation and copyright info at end of document.

Roseburg Plaindealer      Roseburg, OR.
     chronological, with limited keywords

        1870-83    1890-93    |  1894-pt2,  pt3     1895   to newspaper menu



Jan 5, 1894
Fullerton    Rpa 33    January  [illegible; should be Jan 5],  1894
Judge Fullerton is holding court this week in Lincoln county.

politic Rpa 33    January  [illegible; should be Jan 5],  1894  Gov Pennoyer.

airship locale Rpa 33    January  [illegible; should be Jan 5],  1894
Jackson county has an inventor of an air ship that will soon become famous. 
That man is A. C.  Speer of Woodville, who will soon have his air ship ready
for exhibition at the midwinter fair. The cigar-shaped  spheroid, 65 feet long
and 18 in diameter is made of aluminum, and the car underneath is made of
bamboo rods.  In one compartment is the battery and the machinery which
directs the moving of the propellors; in the other room for passengers to the
weight of 1000 pounds more. In the compartment in which passengers are to
travel he proposes  to store a number of weights equal to 1000 pounds in all.
When passengers enter the car certain weights will be placed on terra firma
and the ship will then be thrown out ballast to ascend above obstacles such as
trees and hills, [as I typed it] for a deflection of the shaft of one of the.
propellors will cause the ship to rise. And so in descending it will not be
necessary to allow gas to escape, the upward bend of the propellor doing the
work. Stations will be arranged at different points at which the airship [in
print, now one word] will stop and at these places weights will be kept. As
passengers leave the car these will be placed on board, so that at all times a
perfect equipoise will be maintained. The inventor claims that the aluminum
vessel  is perfectly air tight and that it is impossible for any gas to escape. The motors
are of a design upon which Mr. Speer has bestowed great care. One is placed
at each end of the air ship, and they resemble as much as anything the fans
which are placed in the walls of buildings, and , operated by electricity, force
air currents through the edifice. These propellors work upon moveable shafts,
that is they can be turned so as to force the vessel up, down, to the right or to
the left, ahead or astern. The motive power is electricity carried in storage
batteries. It can be propelled in any direction either with or against the wind,
and the speed will be rapider than railroad trains. --Ashland Record.  [as I typed it.]  +

Jan 11

Tax-value?  Rpa 33 January 11, 1894.
Bd of equalization gave totals on real and personal property.        Coos Co..
3,996,355 for county and 3,898,869 for state. [M. note:  this can’t be right unless the
county assesses the same figure diff than state for real and personal property. Or??]

Health  Tot-Roseburg?   Rpa 33 Jan 11, 1894
     Dr. Strange is just as busy as ever, which only goes to show his work is as it
should be, first class. Taylor and Wilson block.  +

crime  mail road  Rpa 34  Jan 11, 1894
     No trace has been discovered of the lone highwayman who robbed the mail
carrier near Myrtle Point on the Coos Bay route.  +

climate  RR-accid   (Rpa34) Jan 11, 1894. 
     Trains on the Coos Bay railroad are again running to Myrtle Point.  The
damage caused by the late flood are not nearly so great as reported, and
repairs were completed last week.   +


Feb 1

Hermann tariff  wool  saying  Rpa 34 Feb 1, 1894
Hermann on tariff. Speech on tariff debate as reported in Congressional.
Record of Jan. 27. [M. note: very long article]
     Mr. Chairman, there is little inspiration to an advocate in a case where
informed in advance by the court that a judgment -- has already been entered
against him, therefore we as protectionists have not much occasion for
enthusiasm on this side, when it is known in advance what will be the fate of
this measure.       [skip.]
[Supporting opposition to this tariff]
It is some consolation to know that an opportunity is offered us now and here,
through this house and to the American people to enter our earnest protest
against the injury which is about to be inflicted upon so large a portion of our
own people, and upon such an immense proportion of their wealth.
[skip    very long]
[Argument was necessary to have wool tariff to protect against the foreign.]  I
want to call particularly to this point the attention of gentlemen upon the other
side who are assuming to be especial champions of the poor consumer, and
who have magnified the cost imposed upon him by protection without at the
same time reminding him of the innumerable advantages conferred upon him
by the protection policy.  And while deceiving the people in this way,
assurances have been given to the laborers of the country, and to the
operatives in the woolen factories of our country that whatever might be the
fate of wool, whether it went up or down but especially if it went down by
reduced duties there should be no diminuition in their wages.  I want that
particularly to go out in the country, and let the workingmen take the one
proposition with the other. The very most that can be expected in the way of
reduction in the price of a superior suit of woolen clothes is ninety cents and
that “all wool and a yard wide.”   +

fruit   Rpa 34 Feb 1, 1894
[article saying a man] returned from Chico ,Cal and is convinced that oranges
could be successfully grown in Douglas county.  not quote.

Feb 8

Health  Rpa 34  Feb 8, 1894.   Dr. Strange

Feb 15

Farm  prices conditions misc-word   Rpa  34  Feb 15, 1894
     The farmer will be interested to know that binding twine and jute grain bags
will be on the free list after the passage of the Wilson bill.  That will reduce
the price one-half probably.  [sic; should be comma] since  nearly the entire
supply, especially of bags, is imported. -- Review. 
     What has the farmer for grain sacks in these degenerate times?  + 

Wool  free-trade/tariff   misc-saying   Rpa 35  February 15, 1894
     So far as the wool grower and his dependents are concerned the argument that
the removal of  protection from the wool he raises, is a blessing in disguise to
them, and lessens the cost of woolen goods they wear, is mental trash. Will we
ever  have a rest from the rusty old platitude, the greatest good to the greatest
number as appropriated by the democrats. Thieves and beggars are not
benefitted by the view of our industry.  +

Judge-Fullerton  other-RR/Tots   paper   misc-saying 
Rpa 35  February 15,  1894
      Probably the most amusing thing the Salem Journal has said in a long time
appeared in its columns last Thursday.  It stated that the purpose of a letter
written by Judge Burnett of  Corvallis ostensibly in defense of  Judge
Fullerton's action in regard to the Oregon Pacific, was in reality to "libel,
blacken and defame the editor of the Journal.”  If a brick wall would fall upon
Bro. Hofer it is possible that he would remain in an upright position.  +

Feb 22

fair   SP-RR prices    Rpa 35  Feb 22, 1894
not quote.  Round trip tickets to Midwinter fair at SF, by SP.  Tickets good for
30 day; $21 rate includes train fare and 5 admissions to the fair.  

Other mining   Rpa 35  Feb 22, 1894   [more on] Bohemia mines

Interest cosmic Rpa 35  Feb 22, 1894
head]  The grand old planet Venus.
     Venus and Jupiter are going to be so close together they will look like one
star.  The Rutgers College in New Brunswick gives the statistics for such
phenomenon, occurs at intervals of 8 yrs whenever the planet is at or nearest
its greatest north latitude and about 4 or 5 wks before inferior conjunction at
which Venus is between us and the sun.    [as I typed it.]


Mar 1, 1894

cosmic  outside-Tot?  Rpa 35   March 1, 1894
     The most brilliant display of aurora borealis seen from Portland in years
occurred last night between dusk and the rising of the moon.  From 7 o'clock
until 8 the exhibition was at its best.  It was first noticed as a dim red glow just
above the northern horizon. This gradually increased to a bright ruby light
through which the stars could but faintly be seen, then the light spread over
the sky in rainbow shape, reaching almost to the zenith and bordered at the
lower edge by pale blue many shades lighter than the southern sky. The intensity
of the aurora  traveled from the northwest to the northeast and then back again,
finally fading from sight.  When it was brightest its light was reflected by houses and
the snow covered hills. At times rays of white and yellow light shot up from
the horizon, glimmered a moment and then went out. One streak of white as
bright as a sun ray appeared due north and extended far below the rosy
colored belt. Auroreal [as I typed it] displays are seldom observed in the
western portions of Washington and Oregon owing to almost constant
cloudiness. +  [except punctuation]  [Not sure whether #s are spelled or
numeric.]   [more]  [Doesn't say whether also seen Rsbg, or only Portland.]

Cosmic-indir  health   misc-word Rpa 36 March 1, 1894.
     2,000,000 stars can be seen with a powerful telescope.  The number is vast,
but so are the hours of suffering of every woman who belongs to the
overworked, worn out, run down, debilitated class.  +  [ ad for] Dr. Pierce’s
Favorite Prescription.

Mar 8

Fair SF  Rpa 36 March 8,1894.
[ midwinter fair at San Francisco, its features, buildings.   Has a manufacturers and
Liberal Arts bldg, Agricultural and Horticultural hall, an administration bldg,
evidences of every industry of art, plus special state and county buildings.]  [lengthy]

Mar 15

World-Fair-prize    Oregon-boomer    silk  Kanematz   women-home-business 
outlook-condit     Rpa 36  March 15, 1894.
     It is probably not generally known that Oregon was awarded the first prize
at the World's fair for the best specimen of raw silk produced in the United
States, notwithstanding that in both California and New Jersey silk culture has
reached considerable development, says the Oregonian. This does not mean
that the silk industry has reached considerable proportions in this state, nor
even that culture of the silk-worm and manufacture of silk have become a
regular business here. It simply means that the best raw American silk
displayed at Chicago came from the state of Oregon; but this is a great deal. It
indicates that the climate of Oregon is excellently adapted to culture of the
silk-worm and the food upon which it thrives, and that there is someone here
who understands the business. This ought to mean a great deal for this state.
We are casting about us to see where we can find various modes of
employment  and new products for cultivation, so that we may be relieved of
the tyranny of a single crop, and avoid the disaster that follows a failure of
that crop or a low market.  If to the various things to which we are turning
attention we can add silk culture, we will be so much better off.
     The practicability of doing this has been fully demonstrated by J. S.
Kanematz, an experienced silk-culturist, who has established an experimental
station on the Coquille river. Through his own exertions, covering a series of
years, Mr. Kanematz has proven the special adaptabi1ty of the soil and
climate of Oregon to the culture of silk. It was silk grown by him in Coos
county that took the prize at Chicago. He also made a small but fine, display
at the state fair and the Portland Exposition last fall, in neither of which places
was it given sufficient prominence to attract the attention it deserves. Mr.
Kanematz has issued a little pamphlet, entitled “A Book on Silk Culture,"
which gives full directions for the culture of the silk-worm. Silk culture is
peculiarly an employment for women. It offers them an opportunity to do
something toward the family support without going away from home. A lady
can easily attend to enough worms to make quite an addition to the family
income without much labor or loss of time.
     There is no reason why the culture of the silk-worm might not become
quite general in this state. A factory here is unnecessary, as the cocoons can be
shipped to market. With the ability to produce the best silk in America , we
would indeed be negligent of our opportunities if we did not seize upon this
means of adding to our income.  + 

RR-extension  outlook-conditions  Lhc Misc-word [vexatious work]
Rpa 37 March 15, 1894
     Marshfield Mail:  It is a matter of vital interest in this county that the railroad
should be extended to Roseburg, and the managers of the institution are
making every effort to accomplish that result. No one will for a moment
dispute the fact that in view of the depression in business and the stringency in
the money market, the promoters of the enterprise have displayed heroic
perseverance in attaining the results already achieved, and the question of
right-of-way alone stands in the way of resuming work in the spring. The
company has done well so far in procuring rights-of-way, but these have
already cost a considerable sum above the money subscribed for that purpose.
It now looks as if the right-of-way from Myrtle Point to Roseburg will cost
about $75,--- and this is more than the company can pay. There is no fund
subscribed to meet this expense beyond Myrtle Point, and parties along the
line seem to act as if they believe the building of the line assured and are
disposed to ask exorbitant sums for the right-of-way to pass over their lands.
The managers who have struggled with this enterprise have been sorely
tempted to relinquish it, [sic;  should be a period.]   They have put large sums
of money into it and a great patience and vexatious work.  Other roads which
fear the completion of this line have already made offers to buy the line with a
view to stop the completion of the enterprise and the gentleman [sic] who
have done so much and invested so heavily can sell for enough to repay their
expenditures and give them a handsome sum for their trouble. This would
mean the suspension of the work and a portion of the road built would be used
for coal purposes as no other portion of the road could be made to pay. They
are not disposed to relinquish their original purpose but are straining every
nerve to complete the line. Their efforts should be seconded by all property
owners along the line. The building of the road will greatly enhance the value
of property all along the route, and the majority of people who want large sums
for right-of-way would not like to see the work stopped. This matter must be
determined at once. The money needed to construct the road has been secured
but the expense of right-of-way is not included and the promoters have shouldered
every dollar they can carry.  It seems that the only question about the progress of
work is this question of  right-of-way and the next 90 days will determine whether
this can be provided for and the work completed or the road turned over to
another company which does not wish it completed.   +
[M.  2001.  One wonders what the source is for these surmisals!]

Hermann  tariff  crop    paper  misc-saying   Rpa 37, 38  March 15, 1894.
Not long ago the Review, in noting that Mr. Hermann was endeavoring to
have the duty on hops retained, regarded the fact as quite a joke and likened it
in effect to laboring a duty on wheat.  Evidently it was considered a dainty
opportunity for sarcasm. If any deduction whatever could have been made
from the "fresh, crisp and reliable" article, it was that hops needed no
protection and that Mr. Hermann had committed an absurdity. The facts as
now presented add to the correctness of the proposition that a little learning
can be a dangerous thing. They present to those most interested something to
think of.  We quote from the speech of Mr. Hermann delivered in the house of
representatives on the Wilson bill:
     “In the face of a duty of 15 cents per pound on the foreign hop import there
was imported to this country last year 12,000 bales of foreign hops and 15,000
bales the year previous. For the three years previous to the McKinley bill 20
cents was the average price per pound of  American hops; while for three
years following the passage of that bill the average price per pound was 26 2/3
cents. Before the McKinley bill went into effect the duty or tariff was 8 cents
a pound, and after the McKinley bill passed the tariff was 15 cents per pound.
     Thus endeth the first lesson.  [M 2004.should there be quote here?]  [ +]

politic misc-word-saying   Rpa 38 March 15, 1894.
     “Fusion, bah! How it smells; the very thought of it leaves a bad taste in one's
mouth,” remarks the Marshfield Sun regarding Coos county affairs. When the
poss [as I typed it] fuse with the dems on state nominations it will doubtless be a very
pleasant pill for the Sun to swallow.  +

Law  entertain?  Rpa 38 Mar 15, 1894
     The game of crokinole, where prizes are awarded,  has been held by the courts
to be a game of chance and as such  is controlled by the same laws as other
games.  +

RR-extension   Lhc    other-coal  conditions-hard times tariff
 Rpa 38, 38a  Mar 15, 1897.
[head:] Wages Are Going Down.  [Sub-Head:] The Reduction Has Struck
Coos Bay Coal Miners.
     Mail: The reduction of wages of coal miners has Coos bay.  [M is
something left out?]  Only last week the Mail predicted this and it required no
prophetic foresight to foretell this result.  But it should be entirely satisfactory
to the large majority of the miners.  They have wished it, worked for it and
voted for it.  Only 11 of the one hundred voters at last election in Newport
precinct voted for protection.  They foresaw the result of free trade and wished
to avert it; the balance wanted free trade. They are told it meant reduced
wages but they contended that if wages were reduced that the purchasing
power of a dollar would be proportionately increased.  Free trade has won. 
The purchasing power of a dollar has increased.  A man can buy more flour,
more meat, more potatoes, more land, more clothes, with a dollar than he
could two years ago.  Truly things are coming the way of the free trader, and it
is nothing more than right that wages should be reduced.  But some of the
miners seem to be dissatisfied and it is reported that they have appointed a
committee to go to San Francisco and plead with the company not to reduce
wages.   This is a strange move and strikes an observer as rather ludicrous. 
Two years ago the mill and mine owners begged these voters not to destroy
the tariff.   They told them they could not pay the wages and carry on business
if free trade should be inaugurated.  Their arguments were laughed at and in face
of all their intrigues the miners voted “Down with the tariff,” “Give us free
trade.”  They voted for reduction in wages and now when they have won will
they have the gall to ask the company not to reduce wages?  Can they expect
to be heard?  They have knocked off the company’s profits and now will they
ask the company to pay out of their profits, some of which will go into the
campaign fund to support Rork and others to fight the tariff?  Surely they
can’t expect to be heard on such an argument.  They have done this thing of
their own free will and the manly thing is to accept it.
   The Mail has always fought against the wages of the working man.  It has
mourned to see everything tending to produce this result and has worked to
avoid it, but the people would have it otherwise.  They have increased the
purchasing power of the dollar; wheat has never been so cheap; potatoes are a
drug on the market; apples are sold for a song.  A dollar will buy more than in
1892, and does the American working man need as many dollars as two years
The mines are reducing wages everywhere.  Many of them are shutting down. 
The Oregon Coal and Navigation Co. has telegraphed up that there is so much
coal in the bunker that there is danger of its heating and burning.  The results
foretold have been achieved by free traders and the Mail still believes the
move a mistake.  +

Mar 22

other-mining  Lhc?  Rpa 39 mar 22, 1894 
[Leigh Harnett has lengthy article about  Oregon mines (gold).]

Politic  Gage Schroeder  people     Rpa39  March 22, 1894.
Following is the Coos county ticket nominated at the Populist convention;
representative, Thomas Buckman;  joint representative, E. A. Stewart; 
Sheriff,  W.W. Gage ;  Judge, J. H. Schroeder; Clerk, D.F.Dean.
Commissioner, B F. Ross.  Surveyor. W H Hamilton. Assessor, K H Hanson ;
treasurer, W W Hayes;  coroner , J. Hodgson.

Hermann  Tot-MP    Srh-subtle  name Rpa39    March 22, 1894.
     Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Hermann arrived here by boat Wednesday evening, says
the Myrtle Point West Oregonian.  Mr. Hermann has rented Mrs. Majory’s
house and the young couple will settle down to housekeeping at once.   +

Mar 29

Lhc-census OT-Roseburg  (Rpa39) March 29, 1894  population Rsbg 3000.


Apr 5, 1894

Hard times  wage-conditions  misc  Rpa39) Apr 5, 1894. 
There is but one industry in the United States that is running full time and that
is the reduction of wages.  Not full quote.  

Hermann paper  politic   interest  (Rpa 39) Apr 5, 1894  
     The Review is bitterly opposed to the re-nomination of  Representative
Hermann, and the fight that paper is now waging against him makes his
nomination all the more sure.  When a democratic paper attempts to say who
shall or who shall not be nominated by the republican party it at once creates
the impression that its motives are not pure, and savors strongly of the
political trickster.  +

Apr 12

other mining (Rpa 39) Apr 12, 1894 
[Bohemia mines; an old miner describes the past.]

Srh-indir  Parker-Tot       conditions    timber  mills
(Rpa39, 40) April 15, 1894   
     In an interview with the Coos Bay News man, Capt. Parker says: 
    The redwood men have combined and raised the price of redwood, and the
mill owners interested in pine are endeavoring to do likewise. But it is
doubtful if they will be successful, owing to the immense number of mills on
the coast, the owners of some of which are all the time cutting prices. + 

Apr 15

Other-mining  climate (Rpa40-42)  Apr 15, 1894
  The party that went in to look for a party of lost men down in Bohemia mine
says it can’t find any trace of them. Presumed buried under snows.   not quote.

condit (Rpa 40-42 )  Apr 15, 1894 
[discussions of]  yes the dollar buys more now, but you don’t make as much now.
(ie, you can buy more flour for a dollar than you used to, but the wages are
smaller than they were so it is not really beneficial.) not quote 

Hermann  politic name  (Rpa40-42) Apr 15, 1894 
Salem, April 10.  -- As was expected, the Hon. Binger Hermann has again
been nominated as a member of congress from this first congressional district
of Oregon.
       Mr. Tongue of Wash. co was also proposed.  When nominated declined to
allow name to be used against Hermann.

Politic  Rpa 40-42 Apr 15, 1894 
Gov. Lord is going to be governor of  Oregon.

Paper  politic  Hermann?  (Rpa 40-42) Apr 15, 1894  
[this paper has background info of the nominees. Gov. Lord and etc. evidently
after primary.  Not after state election..  M note, doubt if this is true. Believe
they held primary not till June, So this would be before that.]   [M.2004. 
might there be more info on Hermann?].

Blacklock  politic  (Rpa 40-42 ) Apr 15, 1894  
Salem Statesman"  Blacklock, the Consul General of the United States in
Samoa, is an Oregon boy.  He was several years ago a resident of Coos
county, well known in Southern Oregon. At several periods while he has
represented his government in Samoa his office has become an important one.  
[as I typed it.]  [M. note:  longer; the copy I made is unreadable here.]  [this...
office has become..  owing to the international... from the covetous eyes cast...
that group.  Just now...]    [M. 2005. Is Blacklock Point (near Floras Lake)
named for him?]

Apr 19

fair  paper-clubbing  photo (Rpa 40-42)  April 19, 1894
     We are perfecting arrangements with the San Francisco Examiner whereby we
will be able to furnish subscribers with "Monarchs Souvenir [sic; no quote] of the
Midwinter Fair.  Competent judges say that the photographs are better and the
reproductions finer than any of the portfolios yet put on the market.  +

Apr 26

politic  Hermann  Dolph Srh  tariff   (Rpa40-42) April 26 1894.
     Representatives Hermann and Ellis will not come to Oregon to take part in the
campaign.  ...senators Dolph and Mitchell.   In the house the river and harbor
bill may come up any time, needing the representatives’ attention and the
tariff in the Senate will hold the senators in Washington.   +

Name-Sehlbrede  Hermann politic Rpa43 Apr 26, 1894
[article abt man named ] C.A Sehlbrede, Roseburg. It was his motion that
gave Hon. Binger Hermann his...congress, by acclamation.  [apparently means
nomination to congress ]   His voice announced the first second to the nomination
for governor, etc. not full quote.

Apr 30
Health  other-RR disaster?   RR-bicycle  (Rpa43) Apr 30, 1894
Dr. Bradley and J. B. McCurdy [brief skip]  in an accident a few days since
which resulted rather disasterously for the latter. They were
going out to Dillard on a railroad bicycle, and the pesky thing jumped the
track. At the time of the accident they were traveling at a high rate of  speed,
and when they struck the ground "B" [M. notes illegible] the bicycle and on top of
which was the doctor. The only injury sustained was a severe strain of one of 
his ankles, which has confined him to the house ever since the accident.

Graham &   RR (Rpa43) Apr 30, 1894.
R.A. Graham and S. [ ?]  Earle, of the Coos Bay-Roseburg railroad, were in
Roseburg Saturday on their way to San Francisco. 

Baines  RR (RPa 43) Apr 30, 1894 
W. E. Baines, formerly secretary of the Coos Bay-Roseburg railroad, has gone
to Los Angeles, Cal., where he [is involved in?] railroad construction work.

Road  animal  (Rpa 43) Apr 30, 1894 
Commencing tomorrow the Idaho Stage Co. will put their fine coaches and
four-horse [stock??] on the Bay stage line. [M. notes illegible.]  The coaches have
been thoroughly overhauled and repainted, and every thing is in first class condition
for summer travel. No pains will be spared to make this the popular route to the coast.

Road  (Rpa 43)  Apr 30, 1894 
     The stages on the Coos Bay line present a fine appearance, and remind
one of the days when stages were run from here to Redding.  +

fruit  agric-indir  item   RR-haul  interest  (Rpa 43) Apr 30, 1894
     Fifty carloads of Mason fruit jars will be shipped to Oregon this season.  The
shipment will be made in two solid trains and the cars will be handsomely
decorated with flags and banners. + 

Judges  Fullerton, Bellinger (Rpa 43) Apr 30, 1894.
[M. note. Judge Fullerton still in news as a judge.  Judge Bellinger also gets in
news at times.  Never says which courts they are with.]

Politic  (Rpa43)  Apr 30, 1894   [more on profile of Gov. Lord.]

Other mining  (Rpa43) Apr 30, 1894  [possibility of building road
to Bohemia mines.]


May 3, 1894

paper  (Rpa43)  May 3, 1894  
     The Plaindealer will be sent free to any person residing in Douglas County
from now until after the June election. We take this method of introducing the
Plaindealer into some of the families of Douglas county hoping thereby to
increase its circulation. No charg [sic] whatever will be made for the paper
during that time.  +  [All caps.].

Road  locale (Rpa 43) May 3, 1894 
     Stages are now run to the old sheep ranch on the Coos bay route.  The road is
being worked and will be opened to through travel next week.  +

Judge politic? RR-suits-indir   (Rpa 43)  May 3, 1894. 
Hon. J.C. Fullerton started for Coos county yesterday, where he goes to hold
the regular May term of circuit court for that county, which convenes next
Monday.   +  [M. note. Judge Bellinger always seems to be one to hear
the RR cases, to see whether RR owes money, or whatever.]

May 7

items  misc (Rpa 43, 44) May 7, 1894 
     The common Nottingham curtains have had their day and are fast being
relegated to ice cream saloons and barbershop windows.  The sheer white
muslins, of scrim and other soft draperies are far preferable and can be well
laundered at home, thereby saving the expense of sending them out. The
cheapest kind of curtains -- for instance, cheesecloth, if clean -- are far better
than none, as they serve to give a finished and cozy appearance to almost any
room.  In winter colored curtains can be hung over the white with but little
expense.  They give a look of warmth and comfort to a  room.  +

road  name  climate RR-extension-indir   (Rpa  44) May 7, 1894.
Thos. Blain a leading citizen of Coos County, was in Roseburg.  He came by
way of the Coos Bay wagon road and reports it in bad condition.  Logs have
fallen across the road.  Washouts and slides make it impassible to wagons and
teams. However, work will soon be commenced and will be opened up for
summer travel in a short time.  Not quote.  [M. one reason for need for RR
May 10

Hermann   misc-bimetalism      misc-word   (Rpa44) May 10, 1894
Binger Hermann delivered an address in opposition to the Sherman Law,  [M.
2004.  I don't know if this is headline, or first sentence.]
     Believing, sir, in the bimetallic system and favoring the fullest use of gold
and silver upon equal terms, it is my opinion that the repeal of the Sherman law
will produce evils of incalculable extant unless free coinage is substituted. We
must not forget that our population is increasing; that our commerce is enlarging;
that our demands are more diversified. More money is needed rather than less
in this country.
     Let us, then, maintain the double standard;  for it is true, sir, that gold and
silver countries possess more average wealth and happiness among the people
 than any single standard  nation. +  [more]

May 14

war-indir  Tot-Roseburg  Rpa 44 May 14, 1894
Dedication of  Oregon Soldiers' Home at Roseburg.  [called a] "great day for

Mail  road   name locales?   (Rpa 44) May 14, 1894
     E. Parr, who secured the contract for carrying the mail on the Roseburg-Coos
bay route, has sublet it to three different parties.  Geo. Laingor has taken the
contract for carrying mail from Roseburg to Myrtle Point, while Mr. May will
carry it from Myrtle Point to Coquille City, and from Coquille City to Empire
Chas Metlin will carry it. Mr. Laingor has bought the stages, horses, etc., used
by the Idaho Stage Co. from Roseburg to Coos bay, and will take possession
June 1.  +

Misc  (Rpa 44)  May 14, 1894
The Southern Pole. Revival of Interest in the Antarctic. The Seas to be
invaded. Dr. Cook professes to make important observations, at least..

May 17

bicycle  road  climate    fish pursuit- sports  (Rpa 44) May 17, 1894 
Ed Patterson and Aaron Rose went over to Coquille, rode their bicycles to the
mountain and then went afoot over to the fishing grounds. Didn’t catch much
and on their return heavy rain commenced and they had to walk nearly all the
way home.  not quote. 

Judge  Fullerton politic?  (Rpa44) May 17, 1894 
Judge Fullerton is  judge of 2nd Judicial Dist.   [cp]   [M.  must be large
district, as includes Lane co, Eugene, Douglas, Coos, etc.  M. 2004:  I think one
reference even said Lincoln co.]  

Politic  Rpa 44 May 17, 1894
[a great deal in papers about politics.  Republican platforms and committeemen.
People's, Popular, Democrat.]

Misc   outside-locale  timber-forests outside-laws
Rpa44  May 17, 1894 
In Europe the governments protect their timber. Have laws forbidding
destruction of timber and govts have supervision over private as well as other
forests. 1/3 of forest owned by govt in Germany and private owners can do
what they want except there are some regulations.   not full quote.

Item-price Camera  paper paper-cut  (Rpa45)  May 17, 1894
Premium Camera  [  M. note: paper-cut looks like a little black box with a strap].   
size 5 3/4 x 4 3/4 x 4 in.      nq
     The Premium camera is the latest and most wonderful invention in
photography. With this camera any man, woman or child can take pictures of
anybody or any thing equal to the work of any $25.00 Camera in the world.
     No dark room or practice is necessary, as the Camera can be loaded in
broad daylight by merely dropping in a light-proof  film cartridge, and these
cartridges can be sent by mail to the factory or taken to any photo goods
dealer or photographer to have the pictures finished, or you can finish them
yourself.  +
[M. note: incl . testimonials about it, but doesn’t say where you buy it.  In with
several other ads; sounds like it and several other things are premiums given for a
subscription to paper.  Plaindealer. Also says it has fruit dryers, guns, etc. 
And now is the time to subscribe.]

name politic  Rpa 45 May 17, 1894
[lists both an Upton and a McEwen having something to do with the former
legislature. Doesn't give first names.  McEwan is spelled here with an "a".  M note:
Have no idea whether it might be our Coos people.]
Politic  paper-attitude misc-words  (Rpa45 ) May 17, 1894
     The democratic party have a faculty of accrediting to the republicans the
passage of certain bills during the last legislature which they now denounce in
most vigorous language, not full quote.
     This idea of shifting on to the republicans the responsibility of every bill
that does not now meet with general approval is a very nice dodge, but to say
the least, is very deceptive, since their own party supported these measures
almost unimously [as I typed it]. Governor Pennoyer, with all his bombast about
economy and republicans’ extravagance, vetoed one of these bills. As a public
looter, Upton, the Populist leader, did not take a back seat, and he and
McEwen made themselves both notorious by stealing the extra mileage home
by way of San Francisco. Recently Upton attempted to condone the offense by
giving the money, which rightfu1ly belongs to the state, to Coos county.  This
is one way of getting out of it, but usually when men steal from their
neighbors and are found out, they do not avoid punishment by merely
donating to the county in which they live the stolen goods.  [As I typed it.]
    So far as the extravagance of the last legislature is concerned, the
democratic party, Pennoyer, the populists, are all estopped  from denouncing
the republicans for the enactment of laws which they themselves were also
instrumental in passing. If the democrats would reconvene in a convention and
pass a resolution condemning the democratic and populist parties for their part
in the matter it would be strictly in order. -- Corvallis Gazette.  +

Fruit  Tot-Riddle  climate  (Rpa 45) May 17, 1894
     Riddle Items.  We have had the most glorious rain up this way.  It is worth
thousands of dollars to the fruit growers and farmers.   +

road  Rpa 45   May 17, 1894.
     The Idaho Stage Co. will soon be a corporation of the past.  O. J. Salisbury,
the president of  the company, has been engaged in the stage business for a
quarter of a century, and thinks he has had enough of it. He is now having his
affairs closed up and will retire from the business.  +

Fair  Rpa 45  May 17, 1894   
[still advertising special fares to Midwinter Fair in S.F. ]

May 28 

Politic  Hermann  agric forest  paper-attitude    land-laws  interest     Lhc?
[Rpa46]  May 28,1894.
     Every voter in Lane county should remember that Binger Hermann was the
servant of the Portland dudes and the lieu [or lien?] land ring, which placed
fifty townships of our valuable agricultural, and timber mineral land into a so-
called “Forest Reservation".  For what purpose? Again, the law provided that
the reserve was to be only 25 miles in width, while in this county the territory
converted by the damnable ring for the benefit of their own pockets is 45
miles wide. Still, Hermann advocated and pushed the measure into being a
law.  --Eugene Guard. +
     The above strictures of the Guard are false in toto.  The facts are that Mr.
Hermann opposed this measure and pointed out the impropriety of including
in this reservation agricultural and valuable mineral lands. Subsequent to the
passing of the act Mr. Hermann has secured from the attorney general an
opinion as to these lands being exempted from the reservation.  That opinion
is that those lands may be exempted, and thus armed Mr. Hermann has
induced the land  department to restore all such lands to settlement or
development as mineral lands  upon proclamation of the president which
will doubtless be made in due time. But should the president refuse to do so
it will not be on account of proper effort of Mr. Hermann to exclude these
lands from this forest, reservation, or to have them restored by proper authority.
     The Guard is hard pushed for arguments, when it resorts to such a
disregard to the truth in this particular matter.  +

Hermann  other-mining-indir  land-law  Rpa46 May 28, 1894
    The following dispatch dated Washington, May 24th, has been reserved [as I
typed it ] by the Oregon State Journal:
     Please deny Weatherford’s assertion that I favored the Cascade reserve.  I
only favored reserving Mount Hood and Crater Lake.  I  protested to President
Harrison and prevented him from issuing his proclamation. I earnestly oppose
Cleveland’s proclamation [sic; should have a period]  Last week I had the
Bohemia restored, as can be any other lands improperly withdrawn.  BINGER
HERMANN.    + 

Health  prices  Rpa46  May 28, 1894  
     You will never get this offer again in Oregon. A first class set of teeth for five
dollars. Only for a short time now. I guarantee the teeth to be of the best
material and no humbug.  Dr. Davis. +

OT-RiddleOr OT-WilburOr church  Rpa46 may 28, 1894
     Ridd1e Items. Rev. M. O. Brink, former M. E.  pastor of this circuit, now of
Wilbur, was in our midst a few days this week, and Friday evening delivered a
sermon which was highly appreciated by his old friends.  +


June 4, 1894

Silk  conditions Rpa 46 June 4, 1894
     In England the number of persons formerly interested in the silk trade of that
country and its allied branches was nearly a million.  According to the last
census returns, the number at present employed is 51,427.  The reason of this
decrease in the manufacture and the throwing out of employment of something
like 950,000 men and women is that the silk industry was not closely protected.
The protection  was taken away, and after that Switzerland and France took up
the silk industry and revived it in those countries, and solely because of the low
wages paid upon the continent they have been able to manufacture and undersell
the Englishman in his own market, and there are hundreds of looms in England
which are now idle.   +

fruit  health Rpa46, 47  June 4, 1894
     The skins of  fruit should never be eaten, not because they are not palatable or
digestible or are unhealthy in themselves, but on account of the dangers
arising from microbes which have penetrated into the covering of the fruit.
Everybody has noticed that at times, a slight scratch will create a  considerable
sore on the human body. It is generally ascribed to an unhealthy condition of the
blood, but a close microscopial [as typed ] examination will show that it is due to the
presence of microbes thus introduced to the system. So with an apple, a peach,
a pear, or a grape.  The fruit  may be perfectly sound and healthy, but on the
skin or covering may be microbes, which, introduced into the human system,
will breed disease. These germs are not uncommon; neither are they always
present.  It is possible to eat this covering without injury, but the danger is
such that it is best not to incur the risk.  --St. Louis Post-Dispatch.  +

Fair  racing  Rpa47  June 4, 1894. 
[Descr. of kinds of purses to be given at St. fair for racing.] 

AHB    farming  enterprise  Rpa 47  June 4, 1894. 
     A.H. Black, of the Mitchell, Lewis & Staver Co., last week sold to Henderer
& Bender of Elkton a new J. I. Case threshing outfit.  The outfit includes the
new Ironsides agitator, the work of which is not excelled by that of any other
make in the market.  The enterprise of Messrs. Henderer & Bender in
purchasing the outfit will be greatly appreciated by the farmers of their
vicinity generally.  The crops in that section will be excellent this year, and
Henderer & Bender will have all they can do to accommodate those desiring
them to do their threshing.  It is a well known fact that J.I. Case machinery of
all kinds is not excelled by that of any other make, and that is especially true
of threshing machinery.  + 

Health  Tot-Roseburg  Rpa 47  June 4, 1894  [Dr. Strange advertised in Rsbg.] 

Govt timber lands   forest preserve  Rpa47 June 4, 1894
[tells abt the] land reserved fm public timber lands for sale and disposal and to
set aside for forestry purposes.  not quote
The Cascade forest reserve in Oregon 4.492.800 acres

OT-Roseburg food   health misc-word  RP (Rpa 47) June 4, 1894.
Bitzer, Roseburg’s pioneer butcher, has just put in a refrigerating room in his
market which will be greatly appreciated by his many customers.  It was
manufactured in San Francisco, by the Gurney Refrigerating Co., and was
built especially for Mr. Bitzer.  It is a well known fact that meat kept in cold
storage is not only of better flavor but also more wholesome, and this action
on the part of Mr.  Bitzer will be pleasant news to Roseburg epicures.  +  [M.
note. There was an initial at first of this; I couldn’t tell whether it was A., or J.,
Bitzer.]   [M.2004  handwritten note says Bitzner, but that may be accidental.] 

Fruit  agric  prices  Rpa 47 June 4, 1897
     The McFarlin brothers of Empire City, Coos county, have made a success of
cranberry culture in that  locality.  They have about thirty acres of cranberry
bog, and the annual product is from 300 to 400 boxes of berries.  The boxes
hold about one bushel each. The fruit sells in this market at from $2 to $3 a
box to the trade.  McFarlin Bros. planted their bog with vines from Cape Cod.
The berries they grow are of medium size and of good flavor. Their enterprise
is said to have been profitable.  --San Francisco Bulletin.  +

June 7

Health  Rpa47   June 7, 1894.
An oculist protests against using a candle for night reading light. Finds it quite
a custom for sleepless to keep a candle by beds and rely on it for light during
wakeful hours as they read. As the flame flickers with the slightest current the
light is uncertain and trying to the eyes. A small reading lamp takes a few seconds
longer to light but is preferred.  not direct quote. 

invention  Srh? photo  Rpa 47-47a June 7, 1894
Submarine photography.  Louis Bouton went diving in the Mediterranean in
the coast off France in divers costume and wished he could photograph.  Made
watertight apparatus.. for shallow water; enough light coming through to
sensitize plates. As it deepened the clearness was diminished so he invented
underwater apparatus with magnesium.  barrel filled with oxygen and
surmounted by glass bell containing an alcohol lamp. On the flame of the
lamp by means of a mechanical contrivance, powdered magnesium is thrown,
f1aring as often as a view is taken. The barrel is pierced with ho1es on the
lower side in such manner that as the oxygen diminishes the sea water enters,
so preserving the equilibrium between externa1 and internal pressure. Has
already made great progress and is likely to confer permanent. benefits to
science.      not direct quote. 

Health  misc Rpa 48  June 7, 1894  [same item also June 11, 1894]
Hoods Sarsparilla is supposed to have a cured a young woman who was
poisoned by ivy when a young woman and for 8 years was troubled again
every season with the breaking out.  [M.  It doesn't say she even touched it
again; just that she broke out every year.]  She tried everything. Now she took
Hood's Sarsparilla and is well and hardy and in perfect health.

Politic  Rpa48 June 7, 1894
Republican victory. Entire republican state ticket elected  by large pluralities.
Lord's plurality will probably be 18,000. In county the republicans elect every
 man on their ticket. Grand ratification tomorrow night.  not full quote.
[M note. Wasn't near as much in the papers about their election as about their
Church  entertainment  Rpa 48 June 7, 1894
     The Brownies to be produced at the entertainment to be given by the
Presbyterian choir on Friday evening, on June 15, are now in Roseburg and
the work of preparation goes bravely on. It is there [as I typed it] intention to give
a complete and laughable history of their trip around the f world, particularly
of the trip through Germany and China. They added to their number recruits
from Germany and China, all of whom are now here.  +  [M. Doesn't explain
whether this is local group or touring group fm outside.]  

Misc   mail-Postage-stamp Rpa48  June 7, 1894 
     The postage stamp is not much more than half a century old. On the sixth day
of May, 1894, it celebrated its 54th anniversary.  +

June 11

Misc airship  Rpa 48  June 11, 1894
 [Long article abt invention of flying machines ]. [Complaining that] the U.S.
Patent Office practically destroys all claims for flying machines because now
it must be perfected until flying before can get a patent.
     It is barely possible that such a stand as this in regard to certain inventions
would not be amiss since there are [more?] impractible [as I typed it] ideas
patented than the world at large has any idea of. While it may be considered as
a hardship by flying machine inventors that they are debarred from the
protection of the patent office, yet until they have actually produced
something which will accomplish the results claimed, they certainly have no
right to overlap the claim of protection on the patent office. --Aeronautics.    

Misc  Typewriter Invention Rpa48 June 11, 1894
typewriter. Highest speed ever attained 200 wpm; person making tt record
maintained the speed for only 4 consecutive minutes and has never been able
to exceed it. Assuming the words averaged 6 letters apiece, 1200
letters/minute written. To make each letter fingers have to rise 2 inches and
descend 2 inches. A very rapid writing speed is 75 wpm, which is too fast for
comfort. Practical work is 10 pgs legal paper in one hour, each page
containing 300 wds. 6 hours steady writing can be regarded as an entire day's
work; at a speed of 50 wpm writer during day would write 60 pages or 1800
wds, fingers would travel vertically 432,000 inches; assuming also travel
horizontally, total sum 576,000 inches or 48,000 ft or 9 mi. a day.  not quote

June 18

election Rpa 48 June 18 1894.
[M. note, all the votes in but they haven't had the congressional race. also believe I
read something about those being appointed.]

Srh   misc  Cascade Locks Rpa 48 June 18 1894.
In building and strengthening the bulkhead at the Cascade Locks 3000 barrels
of cement were used, which, of course, is a dead loss.  It costs $2.50 per
barrel, making this one item of the expense $7500. When the labor and other
expenses are figured up, the cost of protecting the locks will reach the
neighborhood of  $80,000.  

Name Rpa49  June 18, 1894.  [M. note.  Thos. Drain died.  Was Drain named
for him?]

other RR  interest  Rpa 49  June 18, 1894.
Peruvian Central railroad has discovered they have to have special people who
are able to get along at rarified altitude to work on their railroad. Above l0,000
and under 12,000 each man’s performance fell fm 1/4 to l/3.  At 13,000 to
15,000, 100 men could do no more work than 50 would do at sea level.   not
Courthouse-indir   name utility Rpa49 June 18, 1894
G. [as I typed it] Micelli an officer in the Rose Hose Co. No. 2 [fire dept]  not

politic  Dolph  Hermann  misc-word senatorship  Srh
Rpa 49 June 18, 1894
     A paragraph appeared in the Washington News Thursday saying that Senator
Dolph was not going to be allowed to make the race for the senate
uninhindered [as I typed it], that representative Hermann had many friends in the
legislature who would push his claims.  The article was very complimentary
to Hermann, eulogizing his work in congress.  Dolph says he don’t [sic]
know whether Hermann is a candidate or not and Hermann says he knows
nothing about it, that he has given no consideration to the senatorship... There
is a possibility of Hermann being chairman of the committee on rivers and
harbors in the next congress and while he might not want to throw the
senatorship over his shoulder, still he would be well fixed in the house.  +

Misc  novocom-chemicals   Rpa 49 June 18, 1894
[article descr. Sulphur and carbon.]
     Under certain circumstances they will form a colorless liquid called sulfide of
carbon which must be handled with much precaution on account of its
explosive property. The soluble property of sulfide of carbon renders it
valuable to take spots off garments. Can also make your own snow with this.
Fill a small vial with sulfide of carbon, taking great care to do it far from all
flame or heated stove, then close the bottle with a cork stopper through which
you have previously bored a small hole. In this hole place a piece of blotting
paper made up into a small roll. The paper must reach to the bottom of the
bottle and about an inch above the cork. Within fifteen minutes you will see
the outside of this paper covered with snow, the quantity of which gradually
increases. The liquid has risen through the pores of the paper as the oil of a
lamp through the wick. When it gets to the open air it evaporates, and the
water contained in the surrounding atmosphere being brought to a temperature
below 32 degrees has been frozen. If you divide the paper outside of the bottle
into several pieces you obtain flowers and most charming effects. You may
make the experiment in summer and in the full rays of the sun. The result will
be obtained then more promptly.  -- St. Louis Post-Dispatch.   [ + except

June 21

politic  nationality-racism-attitude  Rpa 49  June 21 1894
[A lengthy article signed WFB.]  Who Should Vote. Complaining abt foreign
coming in and getting naturalized and then voting. All foreigners should be
required to pay $500 tax and not be allowed to vote until 10 yrs after they
declare intention to become citizen, pay property tax all that time, and 10 yrs
after they learn to read and write English language because otherwise they
bring all their own strange doctrines with them.  not quote.   [M. note:  
wonder who he thinks were the foreigners of the generation before and what
they would have thought of that?]

Baines-RR  log-raft  Srh (Rpa 49)  June 21, 1894
      W.E. Baines, ex-secretary of the Roseburg, Coos Bay & Eastern railroad, is
preparing to let a contract for 6000 piles, says the Marshfield dispatch.  He
intends to construct a raft there this summer, and tow it to San Francisco. 
Captain Robertson, patentee of the Leary cigar-shaped raft is interested in the
enterprise with Mr. Baines.   +   [M. note: later articles told of break up of
huge log raft; I didn’t associate at time as being same one. ]

fruit  prices  Rpa 50  June 21. 1894
Strawberries are quoted in Oregonian at from 1 1/2 cents to 2 cents per pound.

AHB  crops  Rpa 50  June 21, 1894   
     A.H. Black Tuesday night returned from a trip to Jackson and  Josephine counties.
He reports the outlook very favorable for good crops in that section.  +  

School  outside-Tot  Rpa 50 June 21, 1894 
    The commencement exercises of the Normal school at Drain are well attended.  +

 Misc Cosmic    misc-word Rpa50 June 21, 1894
     The velocity with which solar storms move is very great, and they
sometimes extend over a space several times as large as the whole of the
earth’s surface. In common parlance they are called “sun spots”, but as they
are known to have a rotary motion exactly similar to terrestrial cyclones they
may be regarded as true solar storms.  It has been computed by emminent
astronomers that these sun storms move with the astonishing velocity of 120
miles per second, and we can best form an adequate conception of what the
force of such a storm must be by comparing it to an earth storm moving at 100
miles an hour, which is indeed a terrible hurricane.
      CarIington and Hodgson, the English astronomers, describe a sun storm
which traveled 35,000 miles in five minutes, and in 1871 Professor Young of
Cincinnati witnessed one that traveled 766 miles [M. may be 166; illegible] per
second for 45 minutes and constantly threw sheets of flame and fiery matter to
a height of not less than 200,000 miles above the sun’s disturbed surface! --St. Louis Republic.      +

Cosmic  utility-indir Rpa50, 50q, 51   June 25, 1894
[Head:]    Mars Ringing Us Up. [Sub Heads.] Communication may be
established.  So scientists believe. Strange noises have been heard.  [M.  then
there is a dotted line across to separate, and then:]  Wonderful developments
are expected shortly.
     Can we open up electric communication with the inhabitants of  Mars?
That is a question recently considered at a meeting of the society of arts in
London, where Mr. W. H. Preece, engineer to the telegraphs department of the
British postoffice, read a paper on “Electric Signaling without Wires.”
[  skip]
     Mr. Preece then went on to say that “strange, mysterious sounds are heard
on all long telephone lines when the earth is used as a return, especially in the calm
stillness of  the night. "Earth currents," said he, "are found in telegraph circuits,
and the aurora borealis lights up our northern sky when the sun’s photosphere is
disturbed by spots. The sun’s surface must at such times be violently disturbed by
electrical storms, and if oscillations are set up and radiated through -space in
sympathy with those required to affect telephones it is not a wild dream to say that
we might hear on this earth a thunderstorm in the sun."
[skip  ]
     Preece said: "If any of those planets be populated with beings like ourselves,
 having the gift of  language and the knowledge to adapt the great -forces of’ nature
 to their wants, then if they could oscillate immense stores of electrical energy to and
fro in telegraphic order, it would be possible for us to communicate by telephone with
the people of Mars."
     These mysterious sounds which so puzzle  Mr. Preece seem to correspond
with those noticed by Thomas A. Edison, who has turned Ogden mountain in
New Jersey into a great rnagnet  and  coiled miles of wire about it.  At the
time of  the last opposition of Mars he noticed an increase of the seismic
mutterings, which have recently been so violent.  Mr. Edison and Mr. Preece
are only two of the scientists who are now experimenting along those lines,
arid the whole scientific world is watching the. progress made.  Neither Mr. Edison
nor Mr. Preece has been so bold as. to say that the strange sounds referred to are
messages sent by the inhabitants of Mars to those on earth, but they have not
otherwise explained them.
     On the other, hand, there are many scientists firm in the belief that the next
few years will witness the opening up of communication between the people
of the two planets. This conviction has been enormously strengthened by the
strange 1ights seen at the Lick Observatory when Mars was under observation
during its opposition over a year ago.  The three lights were arranged in a
triangle. [M 2004.  I seem to have a period here but not sure it belongs; as also
the one after heaven] nightly as the great red orb rose from her ocean bed to
the vault of heaven. the lights flashed out as soon as darkness had set in, and
in the immense lens of  the Lick telescope they glowed with steady and
continued effulgence.  Was this an effort of the inhabitants of Mars to attract
the attention of those on earth?
     Such had been the opinion of  Flammarion [as I typed it], who had argued in
favor of earth signaling back with. a. triangle of lights 30 miles across.  It was shown
that the conditions of  Mars were more nearly those of earth than of any other
planet. Both of the snow caps could be plainly seen and it may be seen now in
any first class telescope, for Mars is now to be observed in the morning about
30 degrees west and 14 degrees south from Venus in the constellation Capricorn.
The well defined atmosphere of Mars is also plainly visible, and astronomers can
tell by the increase or decrease of its snow caps and its position in regard to the sun
the progress of its seasons and whether or not the Martians are having a cold winter.
The canal theory of Schiaparelli has likewise many believers, who assert that the
strange straight lines on Mars are canals built by its highly civilized inhabitants.
     Mr. Preece says he has kept a record of the strange, mysterious sounds
which have attracted his attention while Edison has done likewise. Those will
require much study to decide if they are messages from Mars. The Preece
discovery, on the other hand, puts it in the power of the people on earth to
send direct electrical currents to Mars, whose inhabitants are so much in
advance of ourselves that they may be able to help up out in the work of
opening up converse.  [as I typed it]  A pantomimic electrical interchange will
be necessary for some time, but what will be the emotions of the scientific
world when the message is sent out that communication has been established?
There are those who firmly assert that this is an experience of the immediate
future, that electricity is the universal force and the one whereby the planets
will come in to communication with each other,  if they ever do. The mystery
of electricity is the strange fluctuation it undergoes.  If it were an earth property
solely, it would be steady, as it would be, were it in common to all the universe
and not interfered with.  But its strange goings and comings, its apparent relations
to the sun, and yet its unknown sympathy with other heavenly bodies, seem to show
that somebody somewhere is fooling with the dynamo and cutting off and turning
on the current.  --New York World.  +

Climate  labor-conditions? Outside-Tot  Rpa 51 June 25, 1894  
Work of cleaning up Portland since the flood is giving employment to a great
many men.

Misc  mail? stamps interest Rpa 51  June 25, 1894
     The rage for accumulating old and worthless postage stamps is evidently on
the increase and  any man having a large correspondence, by accumulating
stamps , may enrich his grandchildren. The older the stamps are the more they
are worth, as a rule. Every business house in Roseburg is visited daily by boys
who collect the canceled stamps from envelopes and file them away, for what
purpose the writer knows not.  +   

June 28

Ad  souvenir/item    paper  other-metal-silver   Rpa 51 June 28, 1894
  [ad for] National Souvenir Spoons each spoon gold-lined; made of nickel
silver and heavily plated with sterling silver. Engraved. You can get a set free
if you send in 3 new paid up subscriptions.  [M. note:  apparently to this paper.]  not
full quote. 

Govt  prices blacksmith novelty-wood Srh other-coal condit?   
Rpa 51  June 28, 1894
[head?] U S Navy pay  .not quote.
The new Navy as it grows will need an increasing number of men in special
classes. There are nearly as [many] new ships building as there are wooden
ships now on the active list and every new iron steam propelled monster that
is added to the Navy creates an increased demand for the skilled and highly
paid classes of enlisted men. +
Already there are some scores of machinists at $70 per month, boiler makers
at $60, blacksmiths at $50, plumbers at $45, water tenders, oilers, firemen and
printers at $30 to $40 per month, to say nothing of coopersmiths, shipwrights
and coal passers at wages varying from  [M. not sure if this is full quote]   $50 a
month down to $22.  The Navy still ships seamen at wages ranging from $15
to $24 a month. It also ships a host of artificers, mechanics firemen and
whatnot at wages that sometimes exceed $70 a month.   not full quote. 

Politics    nationality-attitude  condit   Rpa 52 June 28,1894.
[article by someone else denouncing article last week] [M see Rpa 49, June
21, 1894] about stringency of voters. Says would you go back to Europe a
long time ago where only aristocracy could vote. ]

Misc  Rpa52  June 28 1894
Painter’s pickle is used for removing old paint.  1 1/2 lb. stone potash, 1 1/2 -
2 lb soft soap and 1/2 lb washing soda. Stir in gallon of water and boil until
potash is melted.  Apply w/brush, let stand several hrs. Must be washed
thoroughly afterwards using strong, hot soda water using no soap.  Great care
must be taken in handling; discolors the nails and takes the color out of
anything it touches.       not quote.    fm Boston Herald.

Church  Rpa 52 June 28, 1894    Roseburg conference of  ME church

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